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专科第一学期末<英语>作业一  

2010-06-07 10:51:14|  分类: 公管大专作业 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Part I Vocabulary and Structure

Section A

Directions: There are 25 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the one that best completes the sentence.

1.         They provide information on methods to improve the ____B____ of training programs for older workers, including helping older workers to find productive employment.

A.     formation

B.      efficiency

C.      selection

D.     dignity

2.         I remember Chapman was ___A_____ when I told him we might make a million dollars a year.

A.     amazed

B.      exclaimed

C.      shocked

D.     stunned

3.         On seeing the wounded soldier, Lucy quickly folded her arms round him, then just as quickly pulled back to ____C____ his swollen (肿的) nose and mouth.

A.     monitor

B.      recognize

C.      inspect

D.     reveal

4.         Drinking a cup of hot water should help to ____D____ the pain in the short term, but, if it persists, you should see a doctor as soon as possible.

A.     fortify

B.      shift

C.      wrap

D.     relieve

5.         If people are made aware that the better the service, the more they earn, then it really is an ____A____ to work hard and perform well.

A.     incentive

B.      atmosphere

C.      community

D.     gratitude

6.         A personal friend of an artist may have a real ___A_____ in writing criticism (批评), as he may learn about the artistic intentions which are not explained to others.

A.     advantage

B.      observation

C.      background

D.     privacy

7.         They saw a great deal of each other, but, because Diana was so much younger and usually just one of a party, no one who saw them together ever ____B____ she was a girlfriend.

A.     revealed

B.      suspected

C.      proceeded

D.     stretched

8.         But it is ___D_____ that publishers, to stay in business, need to bring out a large number of titles (选题) every year.

A.     spontaneous

B.      boring

C.      elementary

D.     evident

9.         We had decided that our last day would be spent _____D___ one of the many activities which the hotel offered to arrange.

A.     consolidating

B.      sampling

C.      proceeding

D.     selecting

10.     If you don't read, then ___D_____ you will forget how to read.

A.     mysteriously

B.      unfortunately

C.      positively

D.     eventually

11.     Young pilots should ____A____ doing too many new things in one flight; i.e. do not fly a new type of aircraft on an unfamiliar airfield.

A.     avoid

B.      manage

C.      decrease

D.     deny

12.     The overall length of gas pipeline was planned to reach 300,000 km - enough to ____B____ to the moon and back.

A.     hover

B.      stretch

C.      limp

D.     expose

13.     Burns can be caused when skin that isn't used to the sun is ____A____ to short bursts of strong sunlight.

A.     exposed

B.      snapped

C.      wrinkled

D.     revealed

14.     Mr. Trump would not ____B____ details of his plan for a new factory to make mobile phones in China.

A.     expose

B.      reveal

C.      indicate

D.     enclose

15.     Every man has moved into position and must remain silent and unobserved until the ____C____ moment.

A.     painful

B.      emotional

C.      critical

D.     favorite

16.     Have you _____D_____ enough time to do quality work and meet the company’s standards?

A.     brought about

B.      leaned on

C.      taken over

D.     put in

17.     The boss told his secretary to _____C_____ his order without delay.

A.     hold up

B.      talk over

C.      carry out

D.     set aside

18.     The enemy warned us that they were going to _____C_____the peace talk.

A.     result in

B.      stick to

C.      break off

D.     depend on

19.     Our city has many buildings which _____B_____ those found in the West.

A.     possess

B.      resemble

C.      accumulate

D.     locate

E.      are being made of

20.     Although Emily Dickinson is now a well-known American poet, only seven of her poems ______D____ while she was alive.

A.     printed

B.      to be written

C.      declared

D.     were published

21. I'd like to ____A____ that students should be allowed more time for independent study.

A. propose                              

B. command

C. arrange                               

D. steer

22. We know that drinking, smoking, and overwork ____C____ risks to our health, but most of us seem to accept them.

       A. spoil                                          

B. involve

C. accumulate                        

D. seal

23. On a ____B____ day, our professor works in the lab from 9 A.M. to 11 P.M.

       A. following                                  

B. typical                         

C. previous                             

D. diligent

24. Although this law does not actually ____A____ the possession of weapons whose use is illegal, it is clearly moving in that direction.

       A. prohibit                              

B. allow

C. stop                                    

D. promote

25. People are clearing the snow from the road _______D_____ they can walk safely.

A.   lest                           

B.   in spite of                  

C.   since                          

D.   so that

Section B

DirectionsEach of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked A, B, C and D. Identify the one that is not correct.

26.Efforts to make English the official language is gaining strength throughout the

A                B                          C                                   D

United States.    C

27.I came to the course with an extreme limited knowledge of writing for

                 A       B       C

publication, but now I can write with more ease.     B

D

28.In science, the results of an experiment are not generally accepted until they had

A                  B            C

been repeated in other laboratories.    C

       D

29.A visa is a stamp putting in your passport to show you have been given

A                                                          B

permission by a foreign government to enter its country.    A

                                C   D

30.He was one of greatest scientists the world has ever known, yet if I had to talk

A                                                                        B

       about Albert. Einstein in a single world, I would choose simplicity     A

                               C                   D

Part II Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)

Directions: There are four passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. You should choose the best answer to each question based on the passage.

 

 Passage One

Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following

The last few days before Christmas passed quickly and it was soon Christmas Eve. That night when everyone went to bed, Bunny couldn't sleep. He still couldn't think of what he wanted his special Christmas present to be. He wondered how Santa would know what to bring him if he didn't know himself. As he was sitting up in bed, Bunny heard a big noise on the roof and a sound downstairs. It was Santa Claus, he realized. Bunny jumped out of bed and raced down the hall to the stairs hoping to catch a glimpse of the old fellow before Santa departed for his next stop. By the time Bunny reached the bottom of the stairs, though, everything was again silent. Brightly wrapped presents were piled under the Christmas tree, but Santa was gone. A little disappointed, Bunny turned to climb back upstairs when he heard a cry. "Hello," said Bunny. "Is somebody there?" He was answered by another cry. Bunny looked around the big pile of presents to see what was making the noise. Right under the tree was a funny looking brown animal with big feet and mournful eyes. Bunny might have mistaken the creature for a dog, if it hadn't been for the antlers (鹿角) on his head. "Are you a reindeer?" asked Bunny. "Yes," replied the brown creature with antlers, "my name is Ralph." "And you were pulling Santa's sled?" "I was until I got air-sick," replied Ralph, "Santa had to leave me here and go on with the other seven reindeer." "Isn't it a bit unusual for a reindeer to get air-sick. I mean, isn't flying what reindeer are famous for?" "I'm afraid that I've always had a sensitive (敏感的) stomach when it comes to flying," replied Ralph. "But everyone expected me to pull Santa's sled, so when it was my turn I gave it a try. I'm afraid I just wasn't cut out for the job. Now I'm stuck here and I don't know how to get back to the North Pole." "Well, if you like, you can stay with us as a friend," said Bunny. As he made the offer, Bunny suddenly realized the special present he wanted from Santa was a new friend!

31. Why couldn't Bunny fall asleep on Christmas Eve?         B

AHe was looking forward to seeing his special present.

    BHe wanted to take a look at Santa when he came at night.

       CHe was disturbed by a noise on the roof of his house.

       DHe was thinking what present to ask from Santa.

 32. Why did Bunny feel disappointed?           A

A.   Santa left before he could have a look at him.

    B.   Santa didn't bring the special present he wanted.

       C.   Everything was silent and there was no sign of Santa coming.

D.   There was a pile of presents under the Christmas tree but nothing for him.

 33. What do we learn about reindeer from the passage?         B

A.   They make big noises while they are flying.

   B.   They look like dogs except for the antlers.

       C.   They are all especially good at pulling sleds.

D.   They suffer stomachaches when they take to the air.

 34. Why didn't Ralph go with the other seven reindeer?         C

A.   He got stuck in the chimney.

       B.   Bunny asked him to stay.

       C.   He was air-sick.

D.   He didn't know how to get back to the North Pole.

 35. This passage seems to tell us that ________.

A.   Santa knows what present a child wants without even being told      A

              B.   reindeer are hired to bring presents to children on Christmas Eve

C.    if a child stays awake on Christmas Eve, he could catch a glimpse of Santa

D.    parents take great care when choosing Christmas presents for their children

 

 Passage Two

Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:

A study suggests that dirty air can reduce lung development. Researchers at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles published their work in the "New England Journal of Medicine". About one thousand seven hundred children from different communities in Southern California took part in the study. The scientists tested the children every year for eight years, starting at age ten. They say this is the longest study ever done on air pollution and the health of children. The scientists found that children who lived in areas with the dirtiest air were five times more likely to grow up with weak lungs. Many were using less than eighty percent of normal lung strength to breathe. The damage from dirty air was as bad as that found in children with parents who smoke. Children with reduced lung power may suffer more severe effects from a common cold, for example. But the researchers express greater concerns about long-term effects. They say adults normally begin to lose one percent of their lung power each year after age twenty. The doctors note that weak lung activity is the second leading cause of early deaths among adults. The first is smoking. By the time people are eighteen, their lungs are fully developed, or close to it. The doctors say it is impossible to recover from any damage. Researchers say they are still not sure how air pollution affects lung development. They believe that pollution affects the tiny air spaces where oxygen and carbon dioxide (二氧化碳) are exchanged. Arden Pope is an economics professor at Brigham Young University in Provo, Utah. Professor Pope wrote a commentary about the study. He noted that air quality in Southern California has improved since the study began in the early nineteen-nineties. Clean-air laws have reduced pollution from vehicles, industry and other causes. But dirty air is still a problem in areas of California and other places. Professor Pope says continued efforts to improve air quality are likely to provide additional improvements in health.

36.   A study done by researchers at the University of Southern California indicates that ________.        C

       A.   1,700 children from Southern California have weak lung activities

       B.   children in Southern California use less lung strength to breathe

       C.   air pollution may affect the growth of children's lungs

       D.   80 percent of children in Southern California suffer from air pollution

        37. According to the article, children living in dirty air

A.   may lose eighty percent of their normal lung strength

       B.   may suffer more severe effects from a common cold          B

       C.   were five times more likely to catch a common cold

       D.   were unlikely to recover from any lung damage

38. Why do the researchers express greater concern about the long-term effects of air pollution on children?

       A.   They begin to lose 1% of their lung power each year after 20.

       B.   They do not show any signs of lung damage when they are young.

       C.   They may suffer early death when they grow up.            C

       D.   They cannot expect to have their lungs fully developed at 18.

39. What do we learn from the passage about the air in Southern California?     D

A.    It is unlikely to improve in the near future.

       B.   It is free of pollution from vehicles and industry.

       C.   It is as dirty as it was before.

       D.   It is cleaner than it was in the early 1990s.                   

40. Professor Pope believes that ________.             A

A.   improvement in air quality will provide further health benefits

B.   clean-air laws should be passed to reduce air pollution in California

C.   further studies should be done to find out how dirty air affects lung development

D.   air pollution does even greater harm to children's health than their parents' smoking

Passage Three

Questions 41 to 45 are based on the following passage:

                More than a thousand trains in the United States have names, most of them showing rank or importance, speed, geographical areas or famous men. Some train names are romantic, such as Adventureland, Sunset, and Argonaut; others use the names of birds, animals, trees, and flowers, even an insect (the Frisco Road’s Firefly). But in all history only four passenger trains have ever been named directly for American women: Pocahontas, Ann Rutledge, Kate Shelly, and Nellie Bly.

                Note the word “directly”. In 1892 a horse called Nancy Hanks, probably named for Abraham Lincoln’s mother, set a new world’s racing record — a mile in 2.04 minutes. because the name stood for speed and grace, the Central of Georgia Railway gave it to a new passenger engine. A speed recorder showed that the train covered a mile in 39 seconds. And on January 8, 1893, the Nancy Hanks made its first round trip in regular service between Atlanta and Savannah, with J. Green Freeney being the engineer.

                The Nancy Hanks lasted only seven months because, folklore has it, it was too costly, too progressive, too fast, and too dangerous. In August 1893, the Nancy Hanks made its last run, with engineer Freeney at the controls of his “Little Girl Blue”. Maybe, as Freeney’s son put it, the train died because it was “too popular”. Thus “the fastest train on the earth”, as it was named, died young. The horse it was named for lived nearly thirty years, until 1915, and was buried about three miles out of Lexington, Kentucky.

41. According to this passage, all the following have been used for a name of a train EXCEPT ________?           B

       A.   a geographical location

       B.   a popular song

       C.   an insect

       D.   a famous man

42. The following statements about the horse are true EXCEPT ________.       A

A.   it could run a mile in less than 2 minutes

       B.   it was probably named for Abraham Lincoln’s mother

       C.   it set a new world record for racing speed

       D.   it was named Nancy Hanks

43. The pronoun “it” (line3, para. 2) refers to ________.           A

       A.   the name, Nancy Hanks

B.   the horse, Nancy Hanks

C.   the train, Nancy Hanks

Dthe speed of Nancy Hanks

44. Information about the reason for the train’s death comes from ________.      D

       A.   history books

       B.   records of train tickets sold in 1893

       C.   a record kept by the railroad

       D.   stories that people tell each other

        45. The other name given by the engineer to the train was ________.          B

A.   Frisco Road’s Firefly

       B.   Little Girl Blue

       C.   J. Green Freeney

       D.   Georgia

 

Passage Four

Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage:

       It’s not difficult to figure out the connection between the heart and Valentine’s Day (情人节). The heart, after all, was thought in ancient times to be the source of all emotions. It later came to be associated only with emotion of love. (Today, we know that the heart is, basically, the pump that keeps blood flowing through our bodies.)

       It’s not clear when the valentine heart shape became the symbol for the heart (we all know the heart isn’t really shaped like that). Some scholars speculate that the heart symbol as we use it to signify romance or love came from early attempts by people to draw an organ they’d never seen. Anyway, here are some of the other valentine symbols and their origins:

l   Red roses were said to be the favorite flower of Venus, the Roman goddess of love; also, red is a color that suggests strong feelings.

l   Lase (花边) has long been used to make women’s handkerchief. Hundreds of years ago, if a woman dropped her handkerchief, a man might pick it up for her. Sometimes, if she had her eye on the right man, a woman might intentionally drop her handkerchief to encourage him. So people began to think of romance when they thought of lace.

l   Love knots () have a number of circles with no beginning and no end. A symbol of everlasting love, love knots were made from ribbon or drawn on paper.

l   Lovebirds, colorful birds found in Africa, are so named because they sit closely together in pairs — like sweethearts do! Doves are symbols of loyalty and love, because they become couples for life and share the care of their babies.

 46. The word “speculate” in the second paragraph is closest in meaning to ___.   A

        A.   suppose

        B.   disagree

        C.   question

        D.   expect

47. All of the following statements are true EXCEPT ________.       C

           A .it is easy to determine the relationship between the heart and Valentine’s Day.

                 B.    the heart became connected with all emotions before it was a sign of love

                C.    people in ancient times drew the heart based on their observation.

                 D.    the color of red is associated with strong emotions

48. According to the passage, women used ________ to encourage men to declare their love.           B

                A.      red roses

         B.   love lace

                C.      love knots

D.      lovebirds

49. According to the passage, for lifelong love, the most probable picture a man would send to the girl he loves is that of ________.           C

A.  a rose

                B.   a handkerchief              

C.  a love knot

               D.  a bird

50. The best title for this passage is ________.      D

A.      Gifts for Lovers

               B.      Marriage Customs

                C.  A Holiday of Love

D  Symbols of Love

 

 

 

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