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大学英语B---全国统考---阅读理解B  

2011-11-29 20:09:44|  分类: 远程教育统考 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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阅读理解B

True or False

1.  Mr. White lived in a small village. His parents hadn't enough money to send him to school. He had to help them to do something in the fields. But he didn't like to live in the poor place. When he was sixteen, he got to the town and found work in a factory. Three years later he became tall and strong. So he was sent to < xmlnamespace prefix ="st1" ns ="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:smarttags" />Africa as a soldier. He stayed there for five years and got some money. Then he came back to England and bought a shop in a small town. No people in the town went to Africa except him. And he hoped they thought he was a famous man and that they could respect him. The children often asked him to tell them some stories and his life in Africa.

    One day a few children asked him to tell them something about the animals in Africa. He told them how he fought with the tigers and elephants. His stories surprised them all and some policemen and workers went to listen to him. It made him happier. Just a man who taught geography in a middle school passed there. He stopped to listen to him for a while and then said, "Could you please tell us a rare animal, sir?"

    "Certainly," said Mr. Turner. "One day I met a rhinoceros(犀牛) by a river…"

    "Please wait a minute, sir," said the man. "There aren't any rhinoceros in Africa at all!"

    "It's rare just because there aren't any!"

    (1)  Mr. White was born in a farmer's family.

    (2)  Mr. White hoped to be respected because he was the richest man in their town.

    (3)  The children often asked him to tell them something interesting because he knew more than any other person in the town.

    (4)  All people believed Mr. White except the children.

    (5)  Mr. White wouldn't like to admit that he was wrong.

 

2.  If you travel by air across the center of Africa or South America, you fly over forests for thousands of kilometers. These great forests are the oceans of trees. There are thousands and thousands of different kinds of plants and animals.

    However, the world's forests are getting smaller all the time. We are cutting down the trees because we need wood, and we need more farmland. Some people say that there will not be any forests like these in 20 or 30 years. What will happen if they disappear?

    If we cut down our forests, a lot of plants and animals will disappear from the world. In a lot of places the new farmland will soon look like the old deserts. Crops will not grow there. It will not rain very often, and the weather will get very hot. Perhaps the climate of the world will change. This will be dangerous for everyone in the world. That is why we must take care of our forests.

    (1)  The passage mainly tells us about the importance of taking care of plants.

    (2)  Forests are homes for different kinds of animals.

    (3)  The need for more wood and more land help to protect our forests.

    (4)  We'll have more and greater forests in 20 or 30 years in some people's view.

    (5)  The writer thinks it necessary to protect the forests.

 

3.  What makes one person more intelligent than another? What makes one person a genius, like the brilliant Albert Einstein, and another person a fool? Are people born intelligent or stupid, or is intelligence the result of where and how you live? These are very old questions and the answers to them are still not clear.

    We know, however, that just being born with a good mind is not enough. In some ways, the mind is like a leg or an arm muscle. It needs exercise. Mental exercise is particularly important for young children. Many child psychologists (心理学家) think that parents should play with their children more often and give them problems to think about. The children are then more likely to grow up bright and intelligent. If, on the other hand, children are left alone a great deal with nothing to do, they are more likely to become dull and unintelligent.

    Parents should also be careful with what they say to young children. According to some psychologists, if parents are always telling a child that he or she is a fool or an idiot, then the child is more likely to keep doing silly and foolish things. So it is probably better for parents to say very positive things to their children, such as "That was a very clever thing you did." or "You are such a smart child." 

    (1)  The word "intelligent" in the 1st paragraph probably mean bright.

    (2)  According to the context we can guess that a genius is a normal person while an idiot is a funny person.

    (3)  A person born with a good brain and putting it into active use is more likely to become a genius.

    (4)  It is better for parents to praise and encourage their children more often.

    (5)  Intelligence is obviously the result of where and how you live.

 

4.  A man got into a train and found himself sitting opposite a woman who seemed to be about thirty-five years old. Soon they began talking to each other, and the man said to her, "Do you have a family?"

    "Yes, I have one son," the woman answered.

    "Oh, really?" said the man. "Does he smoke?"

    "No, he's never touched a cigarette," the woman replied.

    "That's good," the man continued. "I don't smoke either. Tobacco is very bad to one's health. And does your son drink wine?"

    "Oh, no," the woman answered at once. "He's never drunk a drop of it."

    "Then I congratulate you, ma'am," the man said. "And does he ever come home late at night?"

    "No, never," his neighbor answered. "He goes to bed immediately after dinner every night."

    "Well," the man said, "he's a wise young man. How old is he?"

    "He's six months old today. But he will grow up to be a gentleman," the woman replied proudly.

    (1)  The man and the woman are talking about the woman's son. 

    (2)  The woman thinks her son will be a gentleman.     

    (3)  The conversation took place on a train.        

    (4)  The word "disappointed" probably best describes the man's feeling at the end of the conversation.    

    (5)  The woman is so proud of her son that she does not really understand what the man's questions mean.  

 

5.  Mr. Young ran his own business and worked very hard. His wife was afraid that he would get sick if he continued like that, so she often tried to get him to take a vacation. At last she managed to persuade him to do so, and she hoped that he would be able to enjoy his vacation without any disturbance, so before they left, Mrs. Young went to see her husband's secretary. She said to her, "My husband needs a vacation very much, so whatever happens, please don't bother him with telegrams and letters about business problems while we are away. Just wait till we get back."

    After Mr. and Mrs. Young had been away about a week, Mr. Young received a letter from his secretary which said, "Something terrible happened to your business, but I'm not going to bother you with it while you are enjoying your vacation."

    (1)  Mr. Young was the owner of a private business.    

    (2)  Mrs. Young worried about her husband's business.   

    (3)  Mrs. Young was afraid that her husband's vacation might be spoilt.        

    (4)  The secretary didn't explain in her letter what had happened to Mr.Young's business, because she didn't want to spoil Mr. Young's vacation.

    (5)  You can learn from the story that Mr. Young had a stupid secretary.     

 

6.  Here is a story told about an American general who was a very important figure in the American army during the First World War. Everybody in the United States knew him and many people wished to have a picture or something of his in their homes.

    Soon after the war the general returned to Washington. One day he went to a dentist and had six teeth pulled out. A week later the general heard that his teeth were being sold in shops at $5 each. On each of the teeth there was a label with the name of the general and words: "buy these teeth and show them to your friends at home." The general got angry. He rushed to his office and ordered six officers to go around the city and buy all his teeth.

    The officers went out and visited every shop in the capital. They were away from the office all day. In the evening they returned and put on the table in front of the general the teeth they had bought. They had collected 175 teeth.

    (1)  Many families wanted to have a signature of the general.  

    (2)  The general came back to Washington after the First World War.   

    (3)  The general ordered his men to look for all his teeth and buy all of them. 

    (4)  The fact that the general's name was on the label of each tooth shows that the general was famous.  

    (5)  The teeth they collected most probably cost $1150.

 

7.  The word "horsepower" was first used two hundred years ago. James Watt had made the world's first widely used steam engine. He had no way of telling people exactly how powerful it was, for at that time there were no units for measuring power.

    Watt decided to find out how much work one strong horse could do in one minute. He called that unit one horsepower. With this unit he could measure the work his steam engine could do.

    He discovered that a horse could lift a 3300-pound weight 10 feet into the air on one minute. His engine could lift a 33-pound weight 100 feet in one minute.

    Because his engine did ten times as much work as the horse, Watt called it a ten horsepower engine.

    (1)  The passage says that Watt made the first widely used steam engine.                 

    (2)  Watt wanted to find a way to lift a 3300-pound weight.                           

    (3)  He made up a unit of measurement based on the strength of a horse.     

    (4)  One horsepower would equal the weight of one horse.                      

    (5)  The possible title for this passage is The Origin of the Term "Horsepower".                       

 

8.  Snowflakes look like white stars falling from the sky. But there have been times when snow has looked red, green, yellow, or black. There have been snowflakes of almost every color. Think how it would seem to have colored snowflakes coming down all around you.

    Black snow fell in France one year. Another year grey snow fell in Japan. It was found that the snow was mixed with ashes. This made it look dark. Red snow had come down in other countries. When this happened, the snow was mixed with red dust.

    Most snow looks white, but it is really the color of ice. Snow is ice that comes from snow cloud. Each snowflake begins with a small drop of frozen water. More water forms around this drop. The way the water freezes gives the snowflakes its shape.

    No two snowflakes are ever just the same size or shape. Sometimes the snowflakes are broken when they come down. Other snowflakes melt as they fall. All snowflakes are flat and have six sides, if they are not broken or melted. When the air is cold and dry, the falling snowflakes are small and hard. If the air wet and warm, the snowflakes are big and soft.

    Would you be surprised to see snowflakes as big as your head falling from the sky? It happened once in the United States. It could happen again.

    (1)  The first two paragraphs mainly tell us that sometimes snow has different colors.

    (2)  No two snowflakes are just the same size, but all snowflakes are hard.

    (3)  Snowflakes begin with cloud.

    (4)  The bigger the snowflakes are, the softer they are.

    (5)  Black snow fell only in European Countries.

9.  Hobbs was an orphan. He worked in a factory and every day he got a little money. Hard work changed him thin and weak. He wanted to borrow a lot of money to learn to paint pictures, but he did not think he could pay off the debts.

    One day a lawyer said to him, "One thousand dollars, and here is the money." As Hobbs took the package of notes, he was very dumbfounded惊呆了的. He didn't know where the money came from and how to spend it. He said to himself, "I could go to find a hotel and live like a rich man for a few days, or I give up my work in the factory and do what I'd like to do: painting pictures. I could do that for a few weeks, but what would I do after that? I should have lost my place in the factory and have no money to live on. If it were a little less money, I would buy a new coat, or a radio, or give a dinner to my friends. If it were more, I could give up the work and pay for painting the pictures. But it is too much for one and too little for the other."

    "Here is the reading of your uncle's will," said the lawyer, "telling what is to be done with this money after his death. I must ask you to remember one point. Your uncle has said you must bring me a paper showing exactly what you did with his money, as soon as you have spent it."

    "Yes, I see. I will do that," said the young man.

    (1)  He wanted to borrow money because he wanted to learn to paint pictures.

    (2)  With the money he got, Hobbs first planned to have a happy life for a few days.

    (3)  What Hobbs was asked to do was nothing but to buy some pictures.

    (4)  What Hobbs really loved to do was painting pictures.

    (5)  The best title for the passage.

 

10.  Elvis Aron Presley, was often called "the king of rock music", died on August 16th, 1977, at the age of forty-two. He left a great influence on popular music, and millions of fans. During his lifetime, Elvis sold more than four hundred million records. After Presley died, many of his records rose quickly. When Presley died, many mourners journeyed to Memphis, Tennessee, Presley's home, to pay their last respects. While most of these fans knew a lot about the songs of Elvis, few of them knew the story of how Elvis had his first record which was for his mother. He paid four dollars to a small Memphis recording shop, and recorded two songs. The songs were "My Happiness" and "That's Where Your Heartaches Begin". Sam Philips, who owned the shop where Elvis made the record, liked Presley's songs. He said he would call him some day. About a year later, Philips did call and ask him to cut a record. This first record had "Blue Moon of Kentucky" on one side, and "That's All Right, Mama" on the other.

    (1)  The passage is mainly about how Elvis Presley began his career.

    (2)  Mourners are usually record-producers.

    (3)  Without the record for his mother, Elvis might not have become a star.

    (4)  When Presley died, people went to Memphis for his mother's story of life.

    (5)  The passage shows that many people loved Elvis.

 

11.  Three men traveling on a train began a conversation about the world's greatest wonders.

    "In my opinion," the first man said, "the Egyptian pyramids埃及金字塔are the world's greatest wonder. Although they were built thousands of years ago, they are still standing. And remember: the people who built them had only simple tools. They did not have the kind of machinery that builders and engineers have today."

    "I agree that the pyramids in Egypt are wonderful," the second man said, "but I do not think they are the greatest wonder. I believe computers are more wonderful than the pyramids. They have taken people to the moon and brought them back safely. In secondsthey carry out mathematical calculations that would take a person a hundred years to do."

    He turned to the third man and asked, "What do you think is the greatest wonder in the world"

    The third man thought for a long timeand then he said, "WellI agree that the pyramids are wonderful, and I agree that computers are wonderful, too. However, in my opinion, the most wonderful thing in the world is this thermos."

    And he took a thermos out of his bag and held it up.

    The other two men were very surprised. "A thermos?" they exclaimed. "But that's a simple thing."

    "Oh, noit's not, "the third man said. "In the winter you put in a hot drink and it stays hot. In the summer you put in a cold drink and it stays cold. How does the thermos know whether it's winter or summer"

    (1)  The underlined word "thermos" in Chinese means "保温瓶".

    (2)  That the three men could not agree on what the world's greatest wonder was because they all had different ideas.

    (3)  The first man thought the pyramids were the most wonderful things in the world because they had been built with very simple tools.

    (4)  The third man thought a thermos was the most wonderful thing in the world because it cost less than a computer.

   (5)  The third man was not very clever because he could not think of anything to say.

 

12.  In the world, soccer or football is the most popular sport. This is because many countries have wonderful teams for the World Cup. The World Cup is held every four years.

    To remember 2002 FIFA World Cup, children from different countries and more than 60 children from Japanese schools came together and spent three weekends drawing a big picture called "Dream World Cups" in Japan. The children drew animals, flowers and people playing soccer under a blue bright sky. They wished each football team good luck by drawing the flags of all the countries that will take part in the World Cup in Japan and South Korea. The picture was put up in a park near a playground in Yokohama. Some football teams will have games there.

    Are you a football fanThe World Cup makes more and more people interested in football. Teenagers like playing and watching football. Many of them love some football stars so much that they get the pictures of their favorite players on the walls of their rooms. That is the way to show their love for the World Cup as children in Japan.

    (1)  If a country wants to take part in the World Cup, she must have many football players.

    (2)  The next World Cup will be held in 2006.

    (3)  From the passage, in the picture children drew many things except pictures of some football stars.

    (4)  In "Dream World Cup", the children drew the flags of some countries to tell the people their stories.

    (5)  Many teenagers own the pictures of some football stars because they are football fans.

 

13.  Tom arrived at the bus station quite early for Paris bus. The bus for Paris would not leave until five to twelve. He saw a lot of people waiting in the station. Some were standing in line, others were walking around. There was a group of schoolgirls. Their teacher was trying to keep them in line. Tom looked around but there was no place for him to sit.

    He walked into the station cafe. He looked up at the clock there. It was only twenty to twelve. He found a seat and sat down before a large mirror on the wall. Just then, Mike, one of Tom's workmates came in and sat with Tom.

    "What time is your bus?" asked Mike. "There's plenty of time yet" answered Tom.

    "Well, I'll get you some more tea then" said Mike.

    They talked while drinking. Then Tom looked at the clock again. "Oh! It's going backward" he cried. "A few minutes ago it was twenty to twelve, and now it's half past eleven."

    "You're looking at the clock in the mirror." said Mike. Tom was so sad. The next bus was not to leave for another hour. Since then Tom has never liked mirrors.

    (1)  Tom went into the station cafe because Mike asked him to have a cup of tea.

    (2)  When Tom looked at the clock in the mirror it's half past twelve.

    (3)  From the story we know that when we look at a clock in a mirror, we will find it's going backward.

    (4)  Tom arrived in Paris on time.

    (5)  Tom and Mike talked while drinking.

 

14.  A story is told about a soldier who was finally coming home after having fought in Vietnam. He called his parents from San Francisco. "Mom and Dad, I'm coming home, but I've a favor to ask. I have a friend. I'd like to bring him home with me."

  "Sure," they replied, "we'd love to meet him."

  "There's something you should know," the son continued, "he was injured pretty badly in the fighting. He stepped on a land mine(地雷) and lost an arm and a leg. He has nowhere else to go, and I want him to live with us."

  "We're sorry to hear that, son. But, maybe we can help him find somewhere to live."

  "No, Mom and Dad, I want him to live with us."

  "Son," said the father, "you don't know what you're asking. Someone with such a handicap would be a terrible burden to us. We have our own lives to live, and we can't let something like this interfere with our lives. I think you should just come home and forget about this guy. He'll find a way to live on his own."

  At that point, the son hung up the phone. The parents heard nothing more from him. A few days later, however, they received a call from the San Francisco police. Their son had died after falling from a building. The police believed he had killed himself.

    The grief-stricken(悲痛欲绝的) parents flew to San Francisco and were taken to the city morgue(太平间) to identify the body of their son. They recognized him, but to their horror they also discovered something they didn't know, their son had only one arm and one leg.

    (1)  The soldier called his parents from San Francisco after having fought in Vietnam.

    (2)  The soldier told his parents that he wanted them to meet his friend in the army.

    (3)  His father considered his plan unacceptable.

    (4)  A few days later the parents were told by the police that their son had killed himself.

    (5)  The son killed himself because he was unable to find a job.  

 

Choose the best answer for A, B, C and D.

27. The French Revolution broke out in 1789. At the time France was in a crisis. The government was badly run and people's lives were miserable. King Louis XIV tried to control the national parliament and raise more taxes. But his effort failed. He ordered his troops to Versailles. The people thought that Louis intended to put down the Revolution by force. On July 14, 1789, they stormed and took the Bastille, where political prisoners were kept. Ever since that day, July 14 has been the French National Day. Louis tried to flee the country in 1792, to get support from Austria and Prussia. However, he was caught and put in prison. In September 1792, the monarchy was abolished. In the same year, Louis was executed. A few months later his wife, Marie, also had her head cut off. The Revolution of France had frightened the other kings of Europe. Armies from Austria and Prussia began to march against France. The French raised republican armies to defend the nation. The Revolution went through a period of terror. Thousands of people lost their lives. In the end, power passed to Napoleon Bonaparte.

(1)  What's this passage about?


A. France.

B. King Louis.

C. The French Revolution.

D. Europe.


(2)  Which did not happen in 1789?

A. The French Revolution broke out.

B. The national economy was developing rapidly.

C. The government wasn't well run.

D. King Louis XIV was in power.

(3)  Where were the political prisoners kept?


A. In Versailles.

B. In Austria.

C. In Prussia.

D. In Bastille.


(4)  What does the underlined word "abolished" mean?


A. Put off.

B. Established

C. United

D. Ended


(5)  What was NOT the effect of the Revolution?

A. July 14 has become the French National Day.

B. It brought some impact on the other European kings.

C. Louis's wife, Marie was killed.

D. The king tried to control the national parliament.

 

28.  Sixteen-year-old Maria was waiting in line at the airport in Santo Domingo. She was leaving her native country to join her sister in the United States. She spoke English very well. Though she was very happy she could go abroad, she was feeling sad at leaving her family and friends. As she was thinking all about this, she suddenly heard the airline employee asking her to pick up her luggage and put it on the scales ()  Maria pulled and pulled. The bag was too heavy and she just couldn't lift it up. The man behind her got very impatient. He, too, was waiting to check in his luggage.

"What's wrong with this girl?" He said, "Why doesn't she hurry up?" He moved forward and placed his bag on the counter, hoping to check in first. He was in a hurry to get a good seat.

Maria was very angry, but she was very polite. And in her best English she said, "Why are you so upset? There are enough seats for everyone on the plane. If you are in such a hurry, why can't you give me a hand with my luggage?"

The man was surprised to hear Maria speak English. He quickly picked up her luggage and stepped back. Everyone was looking at him with disapproval.

(1)  Maria's story happened _______

A. when she was leaving America

B. on her way back to Santo Domingo

C. before she left the USA

D. when she arrived at the airport

(2)  You believe that the work of the airline employee mentioned in the story is to ______ at the airport.

A. help carry people's luggage

B. ask people to pick up the luggage

C. check people's luggage

D. take care of people's luggage

(3)   "Why are you so upset?" Maria said to the man. She wanted to tell him that he should not be _____.

A. surprised and worried

B. sad and angry

C. unhappy and worried

D. sad and sorry

(4)   "Everyone was looking at him with disapproval." This sentence means that the people around felt ____.

A. worried about Maria

B. worried about the man

C. sorry for Maria's manners

D. sorry for the man's manners

(5)  The author mentioned Maria's age at the beginning of the story in order to show that _____ .

A. she was young but behaved properly

B. she would not have left home alone

C. everyone around her was wrong

D. it was not good that nobody offered to help her

 

29. By definition, heroes and heroines are men and women distinguished by uncommon courage, achievements, and self-sacrifice made most for the benefits of others - they are people against whom we measure others. They are men and women recognized for shaping our nation's consciousness and development as well as the lives of those who admire them. Yet, some people say that ours is an age where true heroes and heroines are hard to come by, where the very idea of heroism is something beyond us - an artifact of the past. Some maintain, that because the Cold War is over and because America is at peace, our age is essentially an unheroic one. Furthermore, the overall crime rate is down, poverty has been eased by a strong and growing economy, and advances continue to be made in medical science. 

Cultural icons are hard to define, but we know them when we see them. They are people who manage to go beyond celebrity (明星), who are legendary, who somehow mange to become mythic. But what makes some figures icons and others mere celebrities? That's hard to answer. In part, their lives have the quality of a story to tell. For instance, the beautiful young Diana Spencer who at 19 married a prince, renounced marriage and the throne, and died at the moment she found true love. Good looks certainly help. So does a special indefinable charm, with the help of the media. But nothing confirms an icon more than a tragic death - such as Martin Luther King, Jr., John F. Kennedy, and Princess Diana.

(1)  The passage mainly deals with ______.


A. life and death

B. heroes and heroines

C. heroes and icons    

D. icons and celebrities


(2)  Heroes and heroines are usually _________.


A. courageous

B. exemplary

C. self-sacrificing

D. all of the above


(3)  Which of the following statements is wrong?   _________

A. Poverty in America has been eased with the economic growth.

B. Superstars are famous for being famous.

C. One's look can contribute to being famous.

D. Heroes and heroines can only emerge in war times.

(4)  Beautiful young Diana Spencer found her genuine love________.


A. when she was 19

B. when she became a princess

C. just before her death

D. after she gave birth to a prince


(5)  What is more likely to set an icon's status? ________ 

A. Good looks.

B. Tragic and early death.

C. Personal attraction.

D. The quality of one's story.

 

30.  How men first learnt to invent words is unknown; in other words, the origin of language is a mystery. All we really know is that men, unlike animals, somehow invented certain sounds to express thought and feelings, actions and things, so that they could communicate with each other; and that later they agreed upon certain signs, called letters, which could be combined to present those sounds, and which could be written down. Those sounds, whether spoken or written in letters, we call words.

The power of words, then, lies in their associations - the things they bring up before our minds. Words become filled with meaning for us by experience; and the longer we live, the more certain words recall to us the glad and sad events of our past; and the more we read and learn, the more the number of words that mean something increases.

Great writers are those who not only have great thoughts but also express these thoughts in words which appeal powerfully to our minds and emotions. This charming and telling use of words is what we call literary style. Above all, the real poet is a master of words. He can convey his meaning in words which sing like music and which by their position and association can move men to tears. We should therefore learn to choose our words carefully and use them accurately, or they will make our speech silly and vulgar.

(1)  The origin of language is _________.

A. a legend handed down from the past

B. a matter that is hidden or secret

C. a question difficult to answer

D. a problem not yet solved

(2)  What is true about words? _______

A. They are used to express feelings only.

B. They can not be written down.

C. They are simply sounds.

D. They are mysterious.

(3)  The real power of words consists in their ______.

A. properties

B. characteristics

C. peculiarity

D. representative function

(4)  By "association" in the last paragraph, the author means ______.

A. a special quality

B. a joining of ideas in the mind

C. an appearance which is puzzling

D. a strange feature

(5)  Which of the following statements about the real poet is NOT true? _________

A. He is no more than a master of words.

B. He can convey his ideas in words which sing like music.

C. He can move men to tears.

D. His style is always charming.

 

31.  When John and Victoria Falls arrived in New York City for one-year stay, they did not bring very many things with them. They had planned either to live in a furnished apartment or to buy used furniture. But they soon learned about a new system that more and more people are using. The renting of home furnishings (bed, tables, dishes, and so on) has become one of America's fastest growing businesses.

What kinds of people rent their home furnishings instead of buying them? People who are international business or government officials, foreign students, airline workers, young married couples - people whose job or business may force them to move frequently from one city to another. They save a lot of trouble and the cost of moving their furniture each time. They simply rent new furniture when they reach their new homes. Young people with little money do not want to buy cheap furniture that they may soon dislike. They prefer to wait until they have enough money to buy furniture they really like. Meanwhile, they find they can rent better quality furniture than they could afford to buy.

One family, who now has a large, beautiful home of their own, liked their rented furniture so much that they decided to keep renting it instead of buying new things. But usually people don't like to tell others about it. The idea of renting home furnishings is still quite new, and they are not sure what their neighbors might think.

(1)  Which of the following has become one of America's fastest growing businesses? ______________

A. Selling home furnishings.

B. Renting furnished apartments.

C. Selling used furniture.

D. Renting home furnishings.

(2)  Why do some people prefer to rent furniture? _______________________

A. Because the furniture they get in this way is new.

B. Because it saves them a lot of money.

C. Because it saves them much trouble and money.

D. Because they can always get better quality furniture in this way.

(3)  What can you infer from the passage?_____________________

A. The idea of renting furniture is not acceptable.

B. Renting furniture is not popular in the couple's home town.

C. Only those who don't have enough money to rent furniture.

D. People usually grow to like the furniture they have rented.

(4)  Which of the following can best serve as the title of the passage?___________

A. Rent or Buy?

B. A New Way of Getting Home Furnishings.

C. Furnished Apartments.

D. A New Idea.

(5)  Young people liked renting home furniture in that___________

A. They have less money.

B. They don't want to buy old furniture.

C. The new furniture is of good quality.

D. They don't have much money and don't want to buy the cheap furniture.

 

32. A characteristic of American culture that has become almost a tradition is to respect the self-made man - the man who has risen to the top through his own efforts, usually beginning by working with his hands. While the leader in business or industry or the college professor occupies a higher social position and commands greater respect in the community than the common laborer or even the skilled factory worker, he may take pains to point out that his father started life in America as a farmer or laborer of some sort.

This attitude toward manual (体力的) labor is now still seen in many aspects of American life. One is invited to dinner at a home that is not only comfortably but even luxuriously (豪华地) furnished and in which there is every evidence of the fact that the family has been able to afford foreign travel, expensive hobbies, and college education for the children; yet the hostess probably will cook the dinner herself, will serve it herself and will wash dishes afterward; furthermore,  the dinner will not consist merely of something quickly and easily assembled from contents of various cans and a cake or a pie bought at the nearby bakery. On the contrary, the hostess usually takes pride in careful preparation of special dishes. A professional may talk about washing the car, digging in his flowerbeds, painting the house. His wife may even help with these things, just as he often helps her with the dishwashing. The son who is away at college may wait on table and wash dishes for his living, or during the summer he may work with a construction gang on a highway in order to pay for his education.

(1)  From Para. 1, we know that in America _________.

A. people tend to have a high opinion of the self-made man

B. people can always rise to the top through their won efforts

C. college professors win great respect from common workers

D. people feel painful to mention their fathers as labors

(2)  According to the passage, the hostess cooks dinner herself mainly because _________.

A. servants in America are hard to get

B. she takes pride in what she can do herself

C. she can hardly afford servants

D. It is easy to prepare a meal with canned food

(3)  The underlined expression "wait on table" in Para. 2 means "_________".

A. work in a furniture shop

B. keep accounts for a bar

C. wait to lay the table

D. serve customers in a restaurant

(4)  The author's attitude towards manual labor is _______.

A. positive

B. negative

C. humorous

D. critical

(5)  Which of the following could be the best title of the passage? ________

A. A Respectable Self-made Family

B. American Attitude toward Manual Labor

C. Characteristics of American Culture

D. The Development of Manual Labor

 

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