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公管(专升本)毕业理论综合考试练习卷(1)  

2012-02-29 16:12:30|  分类: 远程毕业考试 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

上海交通大学网络学院医学院分院

2010(春)、2009(秋)年级毕业理论综合考试练习卷(1

 

专业:公共事业管理(专升本)    

一、英语:(30%)

I Vocabulary & Structure

Directions: There are 20 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the one that best completes the sentence.

1.     Jean didn't have time to go to the concert last night because she was busy ______ for the examination

Ato prepare      Bto be prepared      Cpreparing      Dbeing preparing

2.     Evidence came up _____ specific sounds are recognized by babies as young as six months old.

A. what          B. that                C. which           D. whose

3.     As his parents died when he was young, he was _______by his uncle.

A. brought up      B. grown up         C. brought out         D. taken out

4.     If the situation proves unfavorable, we have always the other ___ to fall back upon.

A. possibility      B. alternative           C. advantage        D. chance

5.     The shop assistant was dismissed as she was ______of cheating customers.

A. accused        B. charged         C. scolded            D. cursed

6.     Every time she goes shopping, she buys everything ____.            

A. to be seeing      B. to see          C. at sight            D. in sight

7.     He was left ____ the shop while the manager was away.                  

A. in the charge of     B. in charge of     C. under the charge of  D. under charge of

8.     The book is ____ to one  who is not familiar with the subject.

A. no value        B no valuable .       C. of no value       D. of no valuable 

9.     After the old woman’s death, the ___ members of her family divide up her possessions.

A. surviving        B. survived          C. survivor        D. survival

10.  ___ a great extent they are separated from the pressure of industrial society.

A. In                B. To             C. On           D. For

11.  Don't call me at the office ________it's absolutely necessary.

A. except            B. unless            C. since             D. if

12.  The millions of calculations involved, _____ by hand, would have lost all practical value by the time they were finished.

A. had they been done                    B. they had been done

C. having been done                       D. they were done

13.  Sometimes very young children have trouble ___ the right from the wrong

Afor separating     Bto separate     Chaving separated     Dseparating

14The more the customer complained, _____ and more unpleasant the manager became.

A. the ruder        B. more rude        C. the rudest           D. the rude

15._______ that this small town was exposed to various kinds of dangers.

A. In 2003        B. The year of 2003     C. It was 2003        D. It was in 2003

16.I'd rather read than watch television; the programs seem ______ all the time.

A. to get worse                             B. to be getting worse

C. to have got worse                        D. getting worse

17.If she doesn’t tell him the truth now, he’ll simply keep on asking her until she ______

A. does          B. has done              C. will do            D. would do

18.Even _____ what she said about his personal life is true, it is irrelevant to his qualifications as software engineer.       

A. knowing         B. assuming           C. recognizing         D. acknowledging

19.Despite a very tight schedule, everyone who came to the meeting agreed that at least one day should be _____ for sightseeing.

A. set apart         B. added               C. put in              D. inserted

20.The _____ breakdowns of the computer has caused serious delays in our work.

A. continuous       B. continued            C. continuing         D. continual

II. Cloze

Children are curious about the world around them. For example, they want to know __21__ their hearts beat. They want to know why the ocean water tastes salty.

__22__ children grow up they become curious about different kinds of things. When they are babiesthey are interested in the parts of their bodies and in the smiles of their mothers. Then they become interested in the physical world around them: the plants, the animals, the sky. Later, they become interested in the things that people have made: wheels, bicycles, cars. And when they are adults, their curiosity __23__. Sometimes this curiosity leads to a __24__ in science.

Scientists spend their lives trying to find out about the world. __25__ who work with the earth sciences study the earth, the oceans, and the skies. Other scientists who study living things work with the biological sciences. A third group of scientists study the physical sciences, e.g. physics, chemistry.

21. A. what          B. how              C. which           D. when

22. A. As           B. Since              C. As soon as       D. As long as

23. A. exists         B. stops              C. continues        D. decreases

24. A. work         B. research            C. field            D. career

25. A. That          B. This               C. Those          D. These

III. Reading Comprehension

Directions: There is a passage in this part. The passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. You should choose the best answer to each question based on the passage.

Passage

For a clearer picture of what the student knows, most teachers use another kind of examination in addition to objective tests. They use “essay” tests, which require students to write long answers to broad, general questions such as the following: “Mention several ways in which Benjamin Franklin has influenced the thinking of people in his own country and in other parts of the world.”

One advantage of the essay test is that it reduces the element of luck. The student cannot get a high score just by making a lucky guess. Another advantage is that it shows the examiner more about the student’s ability to put facts together into a meaningful whole. It should show how deeply he has thought about the subject. Sometimes, though, essay tests have disadvantages, too. Some students ate able to write rather good answers without really knowing much about the subject, while other students who actually know the material have trouble expressing their ideas in the essay form.

Besides, in an essay test the student’s score may depend upon the examiner’s feelings at the time of reading the answer. If he is feeling tired or bored, the student may receive a lower score than he should. Another examiner reading the same answer might give it a much higher mark. Because of this, the objective test gives each student a fairer chance, and of course it is easier and quicker to score.

Whether an objective test or an essay test is used, problems arise. When some objective questions are used along with some essay questions, however, a fairly clear picture of the student’s knowledge can usually be obtained.

26.What may have been discussed in the previous paragraphs

A. The essay test.                       B. How teachers test their students.

C. How students write their essays.         D. The objective test.

27.The essay test is preferred because______.

A. it shows more about the student’s understanding of the subject
B. it tests the student’s knowledge of the material as well as his expression of ideas.
C. it gives each student a fairer chance
D. its scoring may be influenced by the examiner’s feelings

28.The word “this”Line 4, Para.3 refers to the fact that ______.

A. students may receive a lower score in an essay test
B. another examiner usually gives the answer a higher mark
C. different examiners may give the same essay different scores
D. the objective test gives each student a fairer chance

29.According to the passage, which of the following statements about the objective test is NOT true

A. It is more objective than the essay test in terms of scoring.

B.It allows the student to guess the correct answer without really knowing the material

C.It shows the student’s ability to think about difficult problems.

D.It is easy and quick to score.

30.According to the author, an ideal test should be ______

A. an objective test                        B. an essay test

C. a combination of the two                 D. something new

 

二、卫生法学与法规:(30%

A型题(在一组备选答案中,选择一个最佳答案):

31.我国卫生立法和卫生执法活动的根本出发点是

A.保护人体生命健康权益                 B.推动医学科学的发展

C.保证卫生行政部门有效地行使职权       D.促进社会经济发展

 

32.下列各项中属于狭义的卫生法,由全国人民代表大会及其常务委员会所制定的是

A.卫生法律       B.卫生条例       C.卫生章程       D.卫生办法

 

33.下列各项中不属于有卫生立法权的国家机关对有关卫生法律文件所作解释的是

A.全国人大常委会对宪法和卫生法律的解释

B.国务院对其制定的卫生行政法规的解释

C.地方人大及其常委会对地方性卫生法规的解释

D.司法解释

34.我国卫生立法工作必须依法进行,加快卫生立法步伐,要建立起适应社会主义市场经济体制和人民需求的、比较完善的卫生法体系的实现年限是

A2010              B2015         C2018          D2020

 

35.卫生法律关系当事人的权利和义务指向的对象称为:

A.卫生法律关系的内容           B.卫生法律关系权利

C.卫生法律关系客体             D.卫生法律关系义务

 

36.在卫生法律关系客体中医疗服务是属于

A.生命健康利益          B.行为           C.物          D.智力成果

 

37.卫生行政法规之间对同一事项的新的一般规定与旧的特别规定不一致,不能确定如何适用时,作出裁决的机构应该是

A.全国人大常委会       B.国务院      C.最高人民法院     D.最高人民检察院

 

38.下列各项中不属于卫生行政复议原则的是

A.调解原则        B.及时原则        C.合法原则       D.公开原则

 

39.下列各项中不属于卫生行政处分的种类的是

A.警告           B.开除留用察看            C.赔偿            D.撤职

 

40.公共场所卫生监督员的证书发放机构应该是

A.同级人民政府               B.同级卫生行政部门

C.上一级人民政府             D.上一级卫生行政部门

 

41.《突发性公共卫生事件应急条例》规定,医疗卫生机构应当对传染病应该做到的是

A.早发现、早观察、早隔离、早治疗        B.早发现、早观察、早治疗、早康复

C.早发现、早报告、早隔离、早治疗        D.早发现、早报告、早隔离、早康复

 

42.各级医疗保健、卫生防疫机构和学校向学生提供健康服务,常见病防治覆盖达到的率是

A70            B80            C90               D100

 

43.《传染病防治法》规定,国家对传染病实行的方针与管理办法是

A.预防为主,防治结合,统一管理        B.预防为主,防治结合,分类管理

C.预防为主,防治结合,划区管理        D.预防为主,防治结合,层级管理

 

44.发生传染病流行时,县级以上地方政府有权在本行政区域内采取

A.调集各级各类医疗、防疫人员参加疫情控制工作     B.停工、停业、停课

C.封锁甲类或按甲类传染病管理的传染病疫区         D.封锁跨省、直辖市的疫区

 

45.我国艾滋病防治工作坚持的方针是

A.预防为主,防治结合                B.政府领导,全社会共同参与

C.宣传教育,行为干预                D.行为干预,关怀救助

 

46.下列各项中不属于对违反《职业病防治法》的建设单位和用人单位,县级以上卫生行政部门可以视其情节轻重,给予处罚内容的是

A.警告           B.责令限期改正          C.罚款          D.拘留

 

47.一般职业病危害事故指发生急性职业病的人数为

A5人以下     B8人以下      C10人以下    D 12人以下

 

48.我国《食品安全法》规定,社会团体或其他组织、个人在虚假广告中向消费者推荐食品,使消费者的合法权益受到损害的,与食品生产经营者承担的责任是

A. 连带责任          B.刑事责任        C.行政责任          D. 民事责任

 

49.按照《药品管理法》规定,国家对药品实行的是

A.储备制度       B.基本药物制度        C.调用制度       D.特别控制制度

 

50.下列各项中不属于执业药师注册的执业范围内容的是

A.药品研究      B.药品生产         C.药品经营       D.药品监督

 

51.为保障公民临床急救用血的需要,对择期手术的患者国家提倡并指导的是

A.率先鲜血        B.互助鲜血          C.自愿鲜血         D.自身储血

 

52.在下列人群中国家鼓励率先献血的人员是

A.工人           B.农民         C.知识分子         D.高等学校在校学生

 

53.根据《人类辅助生殖技术管理办法》的规定,人工生殖技术应用的目的是

A. 健康           B. 医疗        C. 促进家庭和谐       D.促进社会和谐

 

54.婚前医学检查服务的内容是指

A.进行性卫生知识、生育知识的教育         B.进行遗传病知识的教育

C.对有关生育健康问题提供医学意见

D.对严重遗传疾病、指定传染病和有关精神病的检查

 

55.构成医疗事故的主观方面应当是

A.技术水平欠缺的技术过失      B.违反卫生法规和诊疗护理规范、常规的责任过失

C.过于自信的过失              D.疏忽大意的过失

 

56.《医疗事故处理条例》规定,造成患者轻度残疾、器官组织损伤导致一般功能障碍的属于

A.一级医疗事故     B.二级医疗事故     C.三级医疗事故     D.四级医疗事故

 

57.医师在执业活动中必须履行一些义务,但并不包括

A.尊重患者,保护患者的隐私               B.遵守技术操作规范

C.宣传卫生保健知识,对患者进行健康教育   D.参加所在单位的民主管理

 

58.卫生行政部门决定不予医师执业注册的,申请人有异议时可采取的方式是

A只能申请复议                                B只能向人民法院起诉

C可自收到不予注册通知之日起15日内,申请复议或向人民法院起诉

D可自收到不予注册通知之日起10日内,申请复议或向人民法院起诉

 

59.《医疗事故处理条例》规定,对70周岁以上的患者因医疗事故致残的,赔

偿其残疾生活补助费的时间不超过的年限是

A5           B10          C15           D20

 

60.供水单位供应的饮用水不符合国家规定的卫生标准,引起甲类传染病传播或

者有传播严重危险的,应该接受的处罚是

A无期徒刑           B有期徒刑          C.罚款           D.没收财产

 

三、卫生事业管理学:(40%

A型题(在一组备选答案中,选择一个最佳答案):

61.深化医药卫生体制改革的基本原则除坚持统筹兼顾外还应包括

A.坚持以人为本,把维护人民健康权益放在第一位;      

B.坚持立足国情,建立中国特色医药卫生体制;       

C.坚持公平与效率统一,政府主导与发挥市场机制作用相结合;      

D.以上都是                                

 

62.中共中央、国务院《关于深化医药卫生体制改革的意见》提出,要促进基本公共卫生服务逐步达到

A.市场化;    B.规范化;    C.普及化;    D.均等化;    

 

63.卫生事业管理以增进大多数人的健康为出发点除了“人人享有卫生保健”外还体现在

A.以农村为重点;                        B.积极发展社区卫生服务;

C.对“老、少、边、穷”地区重点倾斜;    D.以上都是。

 

64.下列政府对卫生事业实行一定福利政策的描述中属于不正确的是:

A.政府实施医疗保障基金的筹集;对预防保健的消耗有国家财政补偿

B.政府实行对卫生事业简单再生产补偿性投入和扩大再生产建设性投入;

C.政府拨专款启动“卫生发展基金”,支持“老、少、边、穷”地区;

D.随国家经济状况的进一步发展,逐步实行卫生事业高福利政策。

 

65.下列各个学派中不属于现代管理理论的是?

A.社会系统学派    B.决策理论学派    C.观念理论学派    D.系统管理学派

 

66.马斯洛(Abraham.Harold.Maslow)认为人的最高需要是                 

A.生理需要      B.安全需要     C.自我实现需要     D.尊重需要

 

67.泰勒的科学管理理论,提出了:

A.工作定额与标准化原理   B.组织理论    C.人际关系理论      D.领导理论

 

68.管理人员对正在进行的各种具体工作方法和过程进行恰当的指导、监督和纠正的行为,称为:

A.反馈控制;  B.现场控制;   C.前馈控制;   D.决策控制;   

 

69.决定和影响决策方式的因素,主要包括:(1)待解决问题的复杂性;(2)事物发展的确定性;(3)决策层的既往经验;(4)社会经济发展的程度。正确选择是:

A.1+2+3    B.2+3+4     C. 1+2+4     D.1+3+4       

 

70.有用效果的效益和卫生服务的有用效果的表现形式都应该是  

A.可行     B.货币       C.公平    D.影响        

 

71.下列对疾病风险主要特点的描述属于错误的是。

A.危害的对象是人     B.客观性      C.损失性       D.确定性

 

72.目前,政府对其实施“差额补贴”拨款的卫生机构是:

A.预防保健机构和医疗机构;        B.卫生教育科研机构;

C.卫生管理与监督机构;            D.以上都是。

 

73.卫生人力完全通过市场途径配置,最易造成的问题是:

A.成本高昂和速度缓慢                B.做不到以人为本    

C.造成配置扭曲与浪费                D.难保证宏观与社会效益

 

74 下列对人员激励的基本原则描述中属于正确的是

A.公平感不仅是主观认知,也是客观评价;

B.公平理论要求组织最为重要的是秉承正确的导向;

C.目标-途径-期望理论强调员工期望对积极性的影响;

D.对失败和错误不应该有宽容;      

 

 

75.下列各项中不属于卫生服务业的营销组合方面的是

A.管理和监督    B.产品、价格       C.地点和渠道      D.有形展示和促销

 

76.信息经过人们的加工、整理,可以变得很精练、概括,体现了信息是

A.可识别性;可共享性          B.可传输性;可扩散性;   

C.可压缩性;可处理性          D.可变性;可存储性

 

77.以科学的预测作为前提,提供相关控制性指标,具有一定指令性、权威性的决策信息应该属于

A.统计数据信息   B.计划数据信息   C.国家卫生信息    D.文字信息和音像信息

 

78.下列各项中不属于卫生信息管理主要内容的是

  A.收集(获取)和传输    B.处理、存贮   C.分配和利用开发;   D.公示、扩散;

 

79.“2000年人人享有卫生保健”的含义并不表明

A 每个人的全部疾病均能受到治疗;   

B.人人都有权享受初级卫生保健服务;

C.努力消除和控制妨碍健康的各种有害因素;

D 运用更好的方法,去减轻不可避免的疾病和残疾的痛苦;

 

80.初级卫生保健的策略原则中并不包括:

A.医疗先进,专科服务;       B.社会公正、合理布局、社区参与;

C.部门协同、综合途径         D.预防为主、适宜技术;     

 

81.全球“人人享有卫生保健”的具体目标提出,到2020年将消灭的疾病是:

A.麻风、结核;           B.艾滋病;            C.麻疹、丝虫病、沙眼;

D.疟疾。

 

82.国际上普遍采用的健康结果指标有三个,正确的应该是:

A.婴儿死亡率、孕产妇死亡率和1岁以下儿童死亡率;

B.婴儿死亡率、孕产妇死亡率和5岁以下儿童死亡率;

C.婴儿死亡率、孕产妇死亡率和新生儿死亡率;

D.总死亡率、孕产妇死亡率和5岁以下儿童死亡率。

 

83.下列对卫生服务的特征描述属于正确的是

A.一般商品性; B.垄断性;  C.信息对称性;  D.需求者的主导性;

 

84.下列对卫生服务反应性的构成描述属于正确的是:

A.隐私保护(一人一诊一室),就是对人的尊重,即尊严;

B.保密性医生与病人谈话的保密。

C.治疗过程病人应得到社会支持,即社会付费;

D.病人可以自主选择卫生机构和卫生服务提供者。

 

85.下列各项中不属于全面质量管理特点的是

A.全面性      B.全员性       C.全社会性       D.全过程性

 

86.医疗服务质量优质要求的主要体现方面是。

A.安全性、有效性                 B.廉价性、便捷性      

C.效益性、舒适性、忠诚性         D.人文精神

 

87.下列是县医院的主要工作任务,除接受乡村两级卫生机构的转诊外并不包括

  A.负责基本医疗及危重急症病人的抢救       

B.开展医学科研工作,引进推广新技术;

C.实施卫生监督和管理;               

D.承担乡村两级卫生技术人员的进修培训以及业务技术指导任务;

 

 

 

88.以病种或科室为单位,以质控指标的统计分析及质量缺陷整改为重点,在医疗质量管理方面所体现的是

A.基础质量前馈控制      B.环节质量实时控制      

C.终末质量反馈控制      D.全面质量控制

 

89.护士的注册有效期应该为:

A1年;      B2年;       C3年;       D4年;       

 

90.我国医师分为四类两级。其中每个类别的医师又分为执业医师和执业助理医师两个级别。四类医师是包括

A.临床医师、神经医师、公共卫生医师、中医师;

B.临床医师、口腔医师、五官医师、中医师;

C.临床医师、口腔医师、公共卫生医师、中医师;

D.临床医师、神经医师、五官医师、公共卫生医师、

 

91.急性肺炎患者在内科住院期间其原有的慢性胆囊炎突然急性发作,这种现象属于

A.院内感染或外源性感染    B.自身感染     C.交叉感染;  D.以上均不是。

 

92.造成患者重度残疾的医疗事故在级别上属于

A.四级;      B.三级      C.二级        D.一级。

 

93.下列各项中不属于传染病法定报告人的是

A.患者及其亲属   B.疾病预防控制机构      C.医疗机构     D.采供血机构;

 

94 针对环境(自然和社会)和机体的预防疾病的措施应该属于

A.零级预防措施;  B.一级预防措施;  C.二级预防措施;  D.三级预防措施; 

 

95.劳动者在劳动过程中享有下列卫生保护权利,但应除外的是:

A.了解工作场所可能产生的职业病危害因素、后果和防护措施(知情);

B.获得职业卫生教育与培训,职业病防护用品,改善工作条件;

C.拒绝进行没有职业病防护措施的作业;  

D.以上均不除外。

 

96.关于医疗事故争议的处理,不正确的说法是:

A.卫生行政部门可以调解;        B.必须进行医疗事故鉴定;

C.医患双方可以协商解决;        D.可以向法院提起诉讼;

 

97.维多利亚宣言提出的健康四大基石除了合理膳食外并不包括内容是:

A.适当运动;   B.戒烟限酒;  C.心理平衡;   D.舒缓紧张。

 

98.实施药品监督管理的目的是:

A.保障用药安全有效;           B.解决“以药养医”问题;  

C.规范新药的研发、生产;       D.规范药品市场法制化;

 

99.下列各项中不属于发展中医药工作的方针政策的是:

A.继承和发扬祖国传统医药;                B.中西医并重,促进中西医结合;

C.宣传中药无毒副作用,大力推广中医药;    D.保护、利用中医药资源;

 

100.负责全国学位授予工作的机构应该是

A.教育部;                          B.国家科委或中国科学院;       

C.授权的高等学校或科研机构;        D.国务院学位委员会

 

 

 

 

 

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