注册 登录  
 加关注
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

susu-61的博客

教学用,非诚也可扰

 
 
 

日志

 
 

2011(秋)年级护理本科毕业理论综合考试模拟卷(3)  

2013-08-06 13:23:21|  分类: 远程毕业考试 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

上海交通大学网络学院医学院分院

2011(秋)年级毕业理论综合考试练习卷(3)

 

专业:护 理 学(专升本)

一、英语:(30%)

I Vocabulary & Structure

Directions: There are 20 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the one that best completes the sentence.

1All theories­­­­­ ______ from practice and in turn serve practice

Adiffer           Brange             Crecover            Doriginate

2There is little ­­­______ increasing your reading speed if you do not understand what you are reading

Aaim            Buse               Cvalue             Dmeaning

3Jenny complained that the hospital    _ her too much for the treatment.

A. expended         B. paid               C. cost               D. charged

4Having decided to rent a flat, we _     _ contacting housing agencies in the city.

A. set about         B. set down           C. set out              D. setup
5
His intelligence will           him to get a scholarship to college.

A. enable            B. persuade             C. suggest            D. employ

6The professor asked a question, and David          a good answer.

A. put up with      B. stood up for       Ccame up with       Dlooked down upon

7The students are required to         the main ideas of the article in their own words.

A. symbolize        B. minimize             Csynchronize        D. summarize

8The outline of rooftops and chimneys         against the pale sky.

A. pulled out        B. looked out            Cheld out           Dstood out

9It took a few seconds for her eyes to______to the darkness.

A. allocate        B. adopt                 C. apply               D. adjust

10To write up his novelJohn is looking for an environment free______outside distraction.

A. on              B. with                 C. from               D. in

11We ______ go out to restaurants, but mostly we eat at home.

A. occasionally      B. relatively            C. continually         D. absolutely

12This is the first time that a woman has been _____ to the post.

A. granted           B. praised             C. pointed             D. appointed

13When you _____ know Bob better, you will like him.

A. go to             B. got to               C. went to             D. get to


14I’ve got the order from the boss that the work ______ finished before 5p.m.today.

A. would be          B. be                 C. will have been      D. could be

15Good parents have the ability to communicate messages of love, trust, and self-worth ______their children

A. on                           B. for                          C. with                      D. to


16The teacher required that all errors should be _______eliminated before the students turn in their term paper.

A. deported                B. eliminated                C. deprived                D. implemented

17Sam has been appointed _______ manager of the engineering department to take ____ pLace of George.

 A. /, /               B. the, /               C the, the             D. /, the

18-____you interrupt now? Can’t you see I’m on the phone?

    -Sorry Sir, but it’s urgent.

    A. Can             B. Should               C. Must             D. Would

19—Excuse me. How much is the shirt?

— _______.

A. Extra Large       B. 50 each        C. It sells well      D. Altogether there are 5

20Before you quit your job, ______how your family would feel about your decision.

A. consider          B. considering        C. to consider          D. considered

 

II. Cloze

For over a hundred years Japan has consistently spent large sums of money and considerable human resources in an effort to obtain technology. Her ability to negotiate has been strengthened by the fact most of the technology she wanted was no commercial secrets. Japan’s __21__ has also been strengthened by the fact that her internal market was large, so that access  to this market could be offered to multinational companies as an attraction to them to grant licenses. Besides, Japan’s work force was disciplined, so it was capable __22__ applying the information it acquired. Finally, American and European companies, who were __23__ licensers, felt that the Japanese companies might take a large share of the world market if they were not limited by licensing agreement.

In fact, Japan may be finding this method of operation __24__ effective than in the past, as her needs for outside technology now require information which __25__ only a few companies and is more closely held.

 

21.  A. position                 B. location                 C. place                      D. point

22.  A. at                          B. in                         C. for                         D. of

23.  A. potential                 B. feasible                 C. liable                      D. inevitable

24.  A. much             B. little                     C. less                        D. more

25.  A. sticks to           B. belongs to            C. draws on                D. takes on

 

III. Reading Comprehension

Directions: There is a passage in this part. The passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. You should choose the best answer to each question based on the passage.

Passage

The threat of a global outbreak (大爆发) of bird flu(禽流感) makes it urgent for the international community to cooperate effectively. Wealthy countries will have to provide hundreds of millions of dollars for the testing and production of medicines necessary for treating patients suffering from bird flu. Developing countries, particularly in Southeast Asia, where the bird flu virus (病毒) has spread since 1997, must work out special programs so that farmers will not hide sighs of possible outbreaks. In addition, the way such farm birds as chickens and ducks are traditionally raised and marketed in the developing world should be changed; there should be more distance between the birds and their keepers. Countries should deal with the disease with joint effort. If one country is inadequately prepared, it will be a threat to every other country.

The potential effects of a national outbreak of bird flu are enormous. Firstly, an outbreak may kill large numbers of people. World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that an outbreak similar to the mild Hong Kong flu of 1968 could kill as many as 7.4 millions people. If it were as dangerous as the 1918 Spanish flu, which killed 50 million, the number would be much higher. Secondly, such an outbreak may cause great financial damage. The latest outbreak of bird flu, which began in December 2003, has cost Southeast Asia more than $10 billion and depressed its GDP by 1.5 percent. If a new outbreak of bird flu were to last for a whole year, $800 billion would be lost.

Despite the 124 human cases and 63 deaths from bird flu since December 2003, the virus remains mainly a disease animal. However, the more animals that die of the disease, the more chances it has of spreading to people. Large numbers of dead or dying birds mean that more people will be exposed to the virus and change into a virus with new characteristics. If the international community works together efficiently, man can surely prevent such a virus and possibly save millions of lives.

 

26. Faced with the threat of a global outbreak of bird flu, the international community should ________.

A. establish new markets                       B. work together effectively

C. stop birds from flying to other countries         D. raise fewer chickens and ducks

27. The underlined word “inadequately” in paragraph 1 means         .

A. not very good        B. not enough      C. not ready       D. not capable

28. The second paragraph focuses on ______.

A. World Health Organization               B. flu in Hong Kong and Spain

C. the economy of Southeast Asia            D. possible effects of a bird flu outbreak

29. In the third paragraph, the author is mainly interested in _____.

A. stimulating financial growth                 B. reducing economic damages

C. saving human lives                              D. protecting bird species

30. The passage deals with all the following aspects bird flu EXCEPT _______.

A. the origin and history of bird flu

B. the importance of international cooperation

C. the possible dangers of a national outbreak

D. the significance of preventing it from spreading

 

二、健康评估:(25%

A型题(在一组备选答案中,选择一个最佳答案):

31.患者刘某入院后,责任护士对其进行健康评估,其资料收集方法不妥的是:   

A.通过与家属交谈获得患者某些信息; B.通过观察患者的非语言行为了解客观资料;

C.通过与患者交谈获得其健康资料;       D.通过医生病历获得可靠的查体资料;

E.通过对患者的身体检查获得可靠的资料。

32.体格检查时,正常成人不出现的叩诊音是:                

A.清音         B.过清音        C.鼓音         D.浊音       E.实音

33.女性,56岁,畏寒、浮肿、便秘、嗜睡、行动迟缓1年。查体:颜面浮肿,睑厚面宽,毛发稀疏,目光呆滞,反应迟钝。其诊断可能为:              

A.慢性肾炎    B.甲状腺功能减退    C.贫血     D.结核病     E.营养不良

34.发绀的常见部位不包括:

A.眼眶        B.面颊          C.肢端         D.舌唇       E.耳廓

35.过多食用含有胡萝卜素的食物可使皮肤黄染,但一般不发生于:

A.足底     B.前额      C.手掌    D.巩膜和口腔粘膜    E.鼻部和双颊部

36.正常瞳孔双侧等大、等圆,直径为:               

A2--5mm      B3--6mm      C4--8mm       D5--8mm      E5--10mm

37.感染性淋巴结肿大,以下描述的特点,哪一项不符合?

A.直径大于05Cm.   B.质地柔软   C.无压痛   D.表面光滑    E.无粘连

38.气管向健侧移位不见于:

A.心包积液    B.大量胸腔积液   C.气胸   D.单侧甲状腺肿大   E.纵膈肿瘤

39.触觉语颤增强见于:

A 阻塞性肺不张            B.胸腔积液、气胸           C.严重胸膜增厚

D 胸壁皮下气肿                                         E.肺组织实变

40.两肺满布的粗大湿啰音常提示:

A.肺淤血     B.肺结核    C.肺气肿      D.支气管肺炎    E.急性肺水肿

41.女,46岁。触诊发现心尖搏动位于左侧第六肋间锁骨中线外1cm处,呈抬举样,可能提示:

A.心包积液                  B.左心室肥大                C.右心房扩大    

D.右心室肥大                                              E.左心房扩大

42.奇脉是指平静吸气时脉搏         的现象,见于大量心包积液、缩窄性心包炎等。

A.强弱交替                  B.明显减弱或消失          C.明显增强   

D.有力而振幅大                                          E.紧张度较大

43.肠鸣音亢进是指:

A.肠鸣音响亮,呈金属音     B.肠鸣音每分钟小于3   C.肠鸣音每分钟4-5           

D.肠鸣音每分钟6-9                              E.肠鸣音每分钟大于10

44.腹膜刺激征是指:                              

A.腹痛、腹式呼吸减退、肠鸣音亢进      B.腹痛、腹式呼吸增强、肠鸣音减弱

C.腹痛、腹壁紧张、腹部叩击痛                    D.腹痛、Murphy征阳性

E.腹痛、腹壁紧张、压痛、反跳痛

45.上睑下垂为哪对脑神经受损?                         

A.视神经     B.动眼神经      C.滑车神经     D.三叉神经     E.面神经

46.下列属于脑膜刺激征的是:

ABabinski                  BChaddock            COppenheim     

DKernig                                              E Lasegue

47.属于深反射的是:                             

A.腹壁反射     B.提睾反射     C.跟腱反射    D.眼心反射   E.闭目难立征

48.坐骨神经痛患者,因脊神经根受到刺激,出现阳性表现的是:        

AKernig                   BChaddock              COppenheim   

DBabinski                                             ELasegue

49.三级预防的措施有:                                         

A.定期健康检查                B.病情监测         C.高危人群的普查    

D.早期诊断                                         E.早期治疗

50.根据性质对压力反应进行分类,不正确的是:

A.生理反应     B.心理反应   C.情绪反应    D.行为反应     E.认知反应

51.以下哪一项是压力的问题式应对方式?            

A.一笑了之   B.吸烟、饮酒   C.迁怒于人  D.运动,体力劳作   E.接受事实

52.正常情况下超声无法显示:                                           

A.门静脉   B.肝管以下肝内胆管    C.胆总管    D.下腔静脉    E.子宫腔

53.十二指肠溃疡的直接X线征象是:

A.充盈缺损         B.黏膜皱襞消失、中断          C.黏膜皱襞星状纠集  

D.球部变形                                         E.龛影

54.全身骨显像的显像剂为:                  

A99mTC-DTPA                B99mTC-MDP           C99mTC-MIBI

D99mTC-HMPAO                                        E99mTC-ECD

55.护理病历的书写有一定的规范,以下正确的是:

A.语句精练,挑重点记录       

B.护理病历首页应在病人入院后48h内完成

C.各种记录应注明日期和时间,可以不签名

D.护理记录的频率依病情而定,一般要求一级护理病人至少每周二次

E.制定健康教育计划时可根据需要采用讲解、示范、模拟、提供书面或视听材料等方式

 

三、成人护理学(45%):

A型题(在一组备选答案中,选择一个最佳答案):

5620岁男性患者,平时健康,某日受凉后发热,咳嗽,咳铁锈色痰,体温持续3天均

39.4-40.3。该患者最可能见到的体征是:

A.肝脾肿大             B.双肺可闻及哮鸣音        C.双肺可闻及水泡音

D.右下肺语颤增强,可闻及管状呼吸音         E.右下肺叩诊实音,呼吸音消失

57.缓解肺气肿患者呼吸困难的首选措施是:

    A.胸腔引流                               B.通畅呼吸道,持续低流量吸氧  

C.镇静剂                D.强心剂                       E.呼吸兴奋剂

58.对于痰液过多且无力咳嗽者,为防止窒息,护士在翻身前首先应:

A.给予患者吸氧          B.给予患者吸痰            C.指导患者有效咳嗽 

D.给予患者雾化吸入                                  E.慢慢移动患者

59.与阻塞性肺气肿应用护理诊断"气体交换受损"的相关因素不符合的是: 

A.气道阻塞               B.通气不足               C.无效咳嗽   

D.分泌物过多                                        E.肺泡呼吸面积减少

60.引起病毒性心肌炎最常见的致病菌为:

A.轮状病毒   B.脊髓灰质炎病毒  C.疱疹病毒   D.流感病毒   E.柯萨奇病毒

61.心绞痛发作性胸痛部位在:

A.胸骨体中段或上段之后且向左肩、左臂内侧放射

    B.胸骨后且向左肩、左臂外侧反射            C.胸骨上段且向右肩背部发射

D.心尖区向左肩、左臂内侧放射              E.剑突附近向右肩、右臂内侧放射

62.有关心力衰竭患者的饮食,不妥当的为:

    A.低盐     B.富含维生素    C.高热量     D.适量纤维素     E.少量、多餐

63.高血压患者使用噻嗪类和泮利尿剂时应特别注意:      

A.补充水分       B.补钠,保持水电解质平衡         C.补钾,防止低钾血症

D.补充维生素                                        E.均衡饮食

64.冠心病最常见的病因是:

    A.重度主动脉病变            B.冠状动脉栓塞           C.冠状动脉粥样硬化  

D.肥厚性心脏病                                         E.冠脉痉挛

65.典型心绞痛的性质是:

A.绞痛        B.刺痛         C.隐痛      D.刀割样痛       E.压榨样痛

66.与原发性肝癌的发生关系最密切的疾病为:

A.甲型肝炎    B.乙型肝炎     C.肝脓肿     D.中毒性肝炎     E.肝包虫病

67.十二指肠球溃疡的疼痛规律为:

A.无一定规律             B.疼痛进食缓解       C.进食疼痛无缓解 

D.进食疼痛缓解                                  E.疼痛进食疼痛

68.下列不符合胃溃疡癌变特点的有:

A.疼痛的规律性消失          B.食欲减退           C.进行性贫血、消瘦

D.大便隐血持续性阳性                               E.反酸烧心加重

69.下述有关肝性脑病的诱发因素中,应除外:

A.大量排钾利尿          B.多次灌肠和导泻          C.上消化道出血  

D.反复放腹水                                        E.高蛋白饮食

70.肝性脑病患者灌肠可使用的灌肠液是:

A.肥皂水                B10%水合氯醛            C.生理盐水+食醋

D20%甘露醇                                        E5%碳酸氢钠

71.胰腺疾病和胆管疾病互相关联的解剖学基础是:

A.胆总管与主胰管汇合形成共同通道或共同开口

B.胰腺炎或胰腺癌肿时可压迫胆总管        C.胰腺和肝外胆管相互比邻,关系密切  

D.均受肝胆汁分泌的影响              E.胆总管与副胰管汇合形成十二指肠乳头

72.肾盂肾炎患者尿路感染最常见的致病菌是:

A.葡萄球菌   B.变形杆菌  C.大肠埃希菌   D.副大肠埃希菌   E.粪链球菌

73.下述关于缺铁性贫血的症状及体征,不正确的是:

A.皮肤皱缩     B.毛发干枯      C.出血      D.舌痛        E.口腔炎

74.白血病化疗期间口服别嘌呤醇的目的是:

A.抑制尿素合成              B.抑制尿酸合成         C.加强化疗药疗效  

D.加强尿酸排泄                                      E.加强尿素排泄

75.再生障碍性贫血一般不出现:

A.网织红细胞减少           B.红细胞形态改变           C.红细胞减少

D.白细胞减少                                            E.血小板减少

76.糖尿病基本病理生理改变为:

A.胰岛素绝对或相对不足    B.胰高血糖素分泌过多    C.糖皮质激素分泌过多

D.生长激素分泌过多                                    E.甲状腺素分泌过多

77.导致糖尿病患者失明的主要原因是:

A.白内障   B.角膜溃疡  C.视神经炎  D.视网膜微血管病变   E.玻璃体积血

 

78.蛛网膜下腔出血患者可以不出现:

A.剧烈头痛                  B.脑膜刺激征            C.频繁呕吐 

D.一时性意识障碍                                      E.一侧肢体瘫痪

79.低钾血症患者最早出现的临床表现为:

A.肌无力    B.肠麻痹    C.心动过缓    D.恶心,呕吐     E.键反射减退

80.骨肿瘤的好发部位是:

    A.扁骨   B.脊椎骨  C.长管状骨骨干  D.长管状骨干骺端   E.短状骨干骺端

81.对诊断肿瘤最有价值的为:

A.超声检查     BCT检查    C.病理检查    DX线检查    E.手术探查

82 乳癌好发的部位是:

A.外上象限     B.外下象限    C.内上象限    D.内下象限     E.乳晕区

83.乳头癌患者乳头内陷、乳头抬高是由于:

A.淋巴管堵塞   B.乳管受侵  C.动脉受侵  D.静脉堵塞  E Cooper 韧带受侵

84.胃癌最常见的发生部位:

A.胃小弯       B.贲门部     C.胃体部      D.胃窦部        E.胃底部

85.结肠癌最早出现的症状为:

A.腹痛   B.腹部包块   C.便血   D.肠梗阻   E.排便习惯及粪便性状改变

86.原发性肝癌最常见的首发症状是:

A.肝区疼痛       B.肝大      C.肝性脑病     D.乏力、消瘦    E.黄疸

87.胰头癌的典型表现是:

A.腹胀痛         B.腹绞痛     C.进行性黄疸      D.便血      E.呕血

88.化疗病人在化疗期应多饮水及口服碳酸氢钠的目的为:      

A.预防酸中毒         B.减轻药物的胃肠道反应         C.预防尿酸性肾病                

D.促进药物排泄                                        E.预防尿路感染

89.急性颅内压增高患者每日液体的入量不宜超出:

A1000ml       B1500 ml       C200 ml    D2500 ml     E3000ml

90.用20%甘露醇降颅压的正确做法是:

A.快速静脉推    B.输注速度控制在6080/    C250ml2小时内滴完   

D250ml30分钟内滴完           E.缓慢滴注,以防止高渗溶液导致静脉炎

91.关于冬眠低温治疗期间的护理措施的叙述错误的是:              

A.冬眠期间不宜翻身或移动体位                  B.通常体温降至32~34

C.收缩压低于80 mmHg应停止给药             D.复温时应先停止使用冬眠药物

E.降温前先给病人使用冬眠药物

92.腰椎穿刺术后的护理措施不妥的有:

A.术后去枕平卧46 h        B.术后24 h 不可下床      C.颅压高者多饮水

D.密切观察意识和瞳孔的变化                             E.及时处理脑疝

93.反常呼吸常发生于:

A.单根肋骨骨折          B.多根肋骨单处骨折         C.多根肋骨多处骨折

D.单根肋骨单处骨折                                    E.胸壁软组织损伤

94.出血量最多的骨折是:

A.肱骨骨折  B.前臂尺桡骨骨折  C.骨盆骨折  D.股骨干骨折  E.胫腓骨骨折

95.肾结石患者的重要症状是:

A.尿失禁   B.排尿困难  C.尿频、尿急   D.活动后镜下血尿  E.无痛性血尿

 

96.下列最易引起无症状性血尿的疾病是:

A.肾结核       B.肾结石    C.肾脓肿       D.肾癌       E.前列腺增生

97.院前急救主要经常性任务为:

A.病人呼救                  B.灾害遇难者急救            C.救护值班  

D.紧急救护枢纽                                            E.以上都不是

98.严重创伤后,血压降低,脉搏细速,满脸苍白,此时治疗重点应关注:

A.避免使用血管收缩药       B.及时使用甘露醇      C.药物对各脏器的毒性 

D.及时扩充血容量                                   E.急性肾衰竭的发生

99.提示乙型肝炎者有较大传染性的血清学检查结果为:

A.抗-HBe(+),抗-HBc(+)                   BHBsAg(+)抗-HBc(+)

C.抗-HBs(+),抗-HBe(+),抗-HBc(+)

DHBsAg(+),HBeAg(+),抗-HBc(+)       E.抗-HBs(+),抗HBc(+)

100.伤寒病人肥达试验阳性率最高在发病的:

A.第1      B.第2      C.第3-4     D.第5     E.第6

 

 

 

  评论这张
 
阅读(199)| 评论(0)
推荐 转载

历史上的今天

在LOFTER的更多文章

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2017