注册 登录  
 加关注
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

susu-61的博客

教学用,非诚也可扰

 
 
 

日志

 
 

2011秋年级药学专科毕业理论综合考试模拟卷(4)  

2013-08-09 11:54:04|  分类: 远程毕业考试 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

上海交通大学网络学院医学院分院

2011(秋)年级毕业理论综合考试练习卷(4

 

专业:药  学(专科)

一、英语(30%

Part I  Vocabulary and Structure

Directions: There are 25 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the one that best completes the sentence.

1______ 50 years since my parent got married.

      A. It is                   B. There are                C. It was                   D. There have been

2 The explorer ______ red is easier to be seen in the snow.

      A. with                  B. on                           C. in                          D. under

3 He ______ be in the library because it is closed today for the holiday.

      A. mustn’t             B. can’t                    C. shouldn’t                D. oughtn’t to

4The man limped to the stable ______ beaten by robbers.

      A. instead of          B. even though           C. in spite of              D. as thought

5_____ that each member of the family will share the cost of the gift for their grandmother.

      A. Agreeing           B. Having agreed  C. To agree               D. It is agreed

6The Indians have their rights, so the Americans who forced them off their land ______ have done that!

      A. mustn’t             B. wouldn’t             C. shouldn’t                  D. couldn’t

7______ could he decide what we all were going to do?

      A. Whom              B. What                      C. How                       D. Which

8Don’t you see the “Don’t ____________” sign on my door? I’m in bed now.   

      A. confuse             B. interrupt                  C. exclaim                   D. disturb

9We requested that they ____________ for her to be operated on.                          

      A. attempt             B. inspect                    C. enable                     D. arrange

10Some social problems are caused by the widening ____________ between the rich  and the poor.

      A. gap               B. attitude                     C. disgrace                  D. potential

11Regular review is important. Devote some time during each study hour to

     reviewing material ____________ learned.

      A. scarcely           B. eventually         C. previously       D. exactly

12He’s already made his ____________ clear. He’s here to look around himself, not

     to listen to our report.

      A. incentive           B. intention                  C. implication                D. privilege

13"We have monitored in the area and there is no ________ to health," she said.

     A. suggestion         B. hazard          C. compliment               D. recipe

14As Christmas ____________, many shops begin their sales campaigns to attract

     shoppers.                         

      A. sets off              B. draws near              C. comes through             D. holds up

15By sending the “Pathfinder” to Mars, American scientists have taken another step in ____________ the possibility of any form of life on the planet.

      A. looking into                                                B. turning out         

      C. coming up with                                    D. taking advantage of

16Mr. Trump would not ________ details of his plan for a new factory to make mobile phones in China.

      A. expose              B. reveal         C. indicate                        D. enclose

17There are fewer books in my bag than ______.

A. yours               B. in mine                 C. in yours                         D. you

18.Paul has made a lot of kites, but ______ can fly in the sky.

A. little                 B. a little         C. few                          D. a few

19.The doctors have done everything they can ______ the man’s life.

A. save                 B. saving              C. to save                           D. for saving

20.The question ______ at the next meeting is very important.

A. being discussed                                        B. to be discussed          

C. discussed                                                 D. which is discussing

21.We have learned about ______ during these years.

A. several thousand English words                B. thousand of English words

C. three thousands English words                  D. thousands of English word

22.We usually have dumplings ______ dinner ______ Chinese New Year’s Eve.

A. with…on           B. for…at             C. at…on                   D. for…on

23. This kind of skirt looks ______ and sells ______.

A. nice, well           B. nice, good           C. well, well          D. good, nice

24.That is ______ a good book ______ all of us like to read it.

A. so, that           B. too, to              C. such, that                  D. very so

25.The medicine ______ cool, clean and dry.

A. must keep                                          B. must be kept            

C. must be carried                                         D. must be in

 

Part II  Reading Comprehension  (阅读理解)

Directions: There is a passage in this part. The passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. You should choose the best answer to each question based on the passage.

Passage

Today most people speak English when they meet foreigners. It has become the international language.

There are many reasons why English has become so popular. One of them is that English has become the language of business. Another important reason is that popular American culture, like movies, music, and McDonald's, has quickly spread throughout the world. It has brought its language with it.

Is it good that English has spread to all parts of the world so quickly? I don't know. It's important to have a language that the people of the earth have in common. Our world has become very global and we need to communicate with one another. On the other hand, English is a quite complicated language to learn and it brings its culture with it. Do we really need that?

Scientists have already tried to create an artificial language that isn't too difficult and doesn't include anyone group's culture. It is called Esperanto. But it hasn't become popular. But maybe the popularity of English won't last that long either. Who knows? There are more people in the world who speak Chinese than any other language. Maybe someday Chinese will be the new international language.

 

26According to the author, one reason for the popularity of English is that

       _______________.

      A.   American culture is spreading throughout the world

      B.    American people like to do business with foreigners

      C.   English is a beautiful language

      D.   English is not difficult to learn

 

27The author thinks that _______________.

      A. it is good that English has spread to all parts of the world so quickly

      B. someday another language might replace English as an international language

      C. it's not necessary for us to have an international language

      D. we can learn a language without learning its culture

 

28There are more people in the world who speak _______________ than any other language.

      A. English                                                B. Chinese

      C. French                                                D. Esperanto

 

29 In “It has brought its language with it” (the second paragraph), the first word “it” refers to _______________.

      A. an important reason                         B. American people as a whole

      C. popular American culture                    D. the world

 

30In the modern world, language is spreading very fast mostly because

   A. the world is developing very fast

   B. all the people of the world love speaking English

   C. world business is growing up rapidly

   D. our world has become more global than ever before.

 

二、药品质量与检验 (35%)

A型题(在一组备选答案中,选择一个最佳答案):

31.贮藏项下的规定,系对药品贮存与保管的基本要求,凉暗处系指:

A25        B30        C、避光并不超过20      D10

32.恒重是指连续两次称量的毫克数不超过:

A0.3         B0.951.05          C1.5             D10  "

33.药品的近似溶解度中指溶质1gml)能在溶剂100~不到1000ml中溶解的是:

A、易溶            B、溶解        C、略溶            D、微溶

34.检查药品中的砷时,在酸性条件下加入锌粒的目的是:

A、使产生新生态的氢                    B、增加样品的溶解度  

C、将五价砷还原为三价砷                D、拟制锑化氢的生产 

35.肾上腺素中肾上腺酮的检查是除色谱外一般利用:

A、旋光性的差异                        B、对光吸收性质的差异 

C、溶解行为的差异                      D、吸附或分配性质的差异

36.常用的蛋白沉淀剂为:

A、三氯醋酸       Bβ-萘酚          CHCl           DHClO4 

37.利用药物和杂质在物理性质上的差异进行特殊杂质的检查,不属于此法的检查是:

A、旋光性的差异                    B、杂质与一定试剂反应生产气体

C、吸附或分配性质的差异                        D、溶解行为的差异

38.在碱性条件下与AgNO3反应生成不溶性二银盐的药物是:

A、咖啡因          B、尼可杀米         C、安定         D、巴比妥类 

39.四环素类抗生素在___   条件下发生差向异构化。

ApH12        BpH26        CpH610        DpH10

40.青霉素和头孢菌素都属于以下哪类抗生素? 

Aβ-内酰胺类      B、氨基糖甙类      C、四环素类      D、喹诺酮类

41.不属于庆大霉素组分的是:

AC1                BC1a           CC2              DC2a

42.注射剂中加入抗氧剂有许多,下列不属于抗氧剂的为:

A、亚硫酸钠     B、焦亚硫酸钠     C、硫代硫酸钠      D、连四硫酸钠     

43.复方APC片中扑热息痛的含量测定方法为:

A、碘量法          B、酸碱滴定法      C、亚硝酸钠法    D、非水滴定法 

44.区带电泳法适用于哪类药物的分析?

A、带电离子      B、中性离子       C、酸性离子      D、碱性离子    

45.红外光谱法中的红外吸收带的波长位置与吸收谱带的强度, 可以用来:

A 鉴定未知物的结构组成或确定其化学基团及进行定量分析与纯度鉴定;

B 确定配位数;           C 研究化学位移;        D、研究溶剂效应.

46.指出下列化合物中,哪个化合物的紫外吸收波长最大?

A CH3CH2CH3                      B CH3CH2OH

C CH2=CHCH2CH=CH2              D CH3CH=CHCH=CHCH3

47.原子吸收光谱光源发出的是:

A、单色光            B、复合光        C、白光        D、可见光

48.药品质量标准中性状项下不包含:

A、稳定性、结晶性的描述                    B、药物安全性的描述

C、药物颜色的描述                          D、溶解度的描述

49.药品质量标准的基本内容包括:  

A、性状、鉴别、检查、含量测定、贮藏             B、正文、索引、附录  

C、取样、鉴别、检查、含量测定                   D、凡例、正文、附录

50.颗粒剂检查溶化性所用热水的温度为: 

A90100        B7080      C 8090        D100

51.原料药含量百分数如未规定上限,系指不超过: 

A100.1%        B101.0          C100.0        D110.1   

 

52.需置棕色瓶中贮藏的滴定液有

A、乙二胺四醋酸二钠滴定液            B、亚硝酸钠滴定液和高氯酸滴定液

C、硫代硫酸钠滴定液                  D、盐酸滴定液

53.色谱法根据其分离原理可分为多个,以下不正确的是:           

A、吸附色谱法    B、聚酰胺色谱法    C、分配色谱法    D、离子交换色谱法

54.在液相色谱法中,按分离原理分类,液固色谱法属于:

A、分配色谱法    B、排阻色谱法    C、离子交换色谱法    D、吸附色谱法

55.高效液相色谱法,按色谱柱填充剂的不同,可以分为多种,下列那种不是?   

A、快速色谱      B、反相色谱         C、离子交换色谱      D、排阻色谱

56.药物干燥失重测定的是:              

A、药物中所含的水分和挥发的成分   B、药物中所含在测定条件下不挥发的成分

C、药物所含在测定条件下分解挥发的成分      D、药物中残留的各种有机溶剂

57.实验室保存技术记录的主要原因是:

A、建立核查线索以利追溯                          B、增加纸张使用率

C、协助实验室估算测量不确定度影响因素的鉴定      DAC均对

58.下列情形,实验室可执行内部审核的是:

A、与客户间的要求发生变化                        B、出具报告有误

C、人员不照程序执行                              D、以上皆是

59.实验室使用非标准方法,所执行方法确认时,应:

A、满足客户需求、建立书面评估资料           B、通知国家标准起草委员会 

C、在特定领域的期刊上公开发表               D、以上皆是

60.实验室可用下列何种方式,增加对检测结果质量的信心?

A、使用公认的参考物质                 B、参加实验室间比对或能力验证

C、留样再试验                         D、以上皆是

61.负责国家药品标准的制定和修订的是:

A、药品监督管理部门                    B、国家药典委员会

C、中国药品生物制品检定所              D、工商行政管理部门

62.药物制剂的检查中:

A、杂质检查项目应与原料药的检查项目相同

B、杂质检查项目应与辅料的检查项目相同

C、杂质检查主要是检查制剂生产、贮存过程中引入或产生的杂质

D、不再进行杂质检查

63.无机杂质通常是已知的,不包括:

A、反应试剂、配位体,            B、催化剂、重金属、其他残留的金属,

C、无机盐,                      D、增塑剂等。

64.原料药物在化学结构或组份确证后,不再应对其       测定进行研究,在此基础上制定能保证药品安全有效、科学合理的质量标准。

A、理化性质     B、纯度        C、含量(效价)       D、光谱

65.下述《药品质量与检验》的任务中不包括:

A、以药品检验为手段,评价药品的质量,是药品行政监督管理部门的技术支撑;

B、药品质量标准的研究、修订和提高;

C、对药品生产、储存、供应、调配和临床应用过程中的动态质量进行监控;

D、临床血药浓度检测,为个体化给药提供数据。

 

三、药物化学 (35%)

A型题(在一组备选答案中,选择一个最佳答案):

66.下列名称中不是药物通用名的是( 

A. 环磷酰胺        B. 氯丙嗪         C. 心痛定         D. 盐酸哌替啶

2011秋年级药学专科毕业理论综合考试模拟卷(4) - susu-61 - susu-61的博客

 67.具有右边结构的药物是( 

 

 

 

 

A. 盐酸利多卡因     B. 盐酸普鲁卡因     C. 盐酸氯胺酮     D. 盐酸丁卡因

68下列药物不属于全麻药的是( 

A. 盐酸氯胺酮        B. 乙醚          C. 盐酸丁卡因         D. 氟烷

69抗癫痫药的乙内酰脲环是由以下哪个药物的结构改造获得的?

   A、苯二氮卓环     B、丙二酰脲环     C、二苯并氮卓环     D、吩噻嗪环

 

70具有下列结构药物的通用名是:

2011秋年级药学专科毕业理论综合考试模拟卷(4) - susu-61 - susu-61的博客

 A、苯巴比妥        B、异戊巴比妥       C、地西泮       D、卡马西平

 

71异戊巴比妥与NaOH溶液加热时可水解放出氨气,这是因为结构中:

A、含氮杂环碱性条件下氧化                 B、酰胺基团被氧化     

C、酰脲水解                               D、酯键水解

72关于局麻药构效关系的说法错误的是( 

A. 亲脂部分可为芳烃及芳杂环,但以苯环的作用最强

B. 中间链结构与局麻药的作用持续时间有关

C. 中间部分碳链增长,作用时间缩短但可降低毒性

D. 中间碳链以2~3个碳原子为好

73将氟奋乃静制成氟奋乃静庚酸酯目的是( 

A. 降低药物毒副作用                       B. 延长药物作用时间

C. 提高药物的稳定性                       D. 提高药物的活性

74用于外科手术前能使肌肉松驰的药物是:

A、溴丙胺太林                          B、硝酸毛果芸香碱     

C、硫酸阿托品                          D、苯磺阿曲库铵

 

751,2-苯并噻嗪类非甾体抗炎药的是( 

A. 布洛芬        B. 吡罗昔康        C. 萘普生         D. 吲哚美辛

76下列哪个药物能与FeCl3显色且水解后具有重氮化偶合反应( 

A. 阿司匹林      B. 扑热息痛        C. 吲哚美辛       D. 布洛芬

77具有酸性但结构中不含有羧基的药物是( 

A. 布洛芬        B. 吲哚美辛       C. 萘普生         D. 吡罗昔康

78结构中不具有含氮杂环的镇痛药物是( 

A. 盐酸吗啡     B. 枸掾酸芬太尼      C. 二氢埃托啡      D. 盐酸美沙酮

79盐酸吗啡注射液放置过久颜色变深是因( 

A. 氧化反应     B. 还原反应          C. 水解反应        D. 重排反应

80盐酸氯丙嗪注射液中加入维生素C的目的是( 

A. 防止其水解    B. 调节pH         C. 促进吸收         D. 防止其氧化

81溴丙胺太林不具有如下哪个性质或活性( 

A. 治疗胃肠道痉挛                   B. 治疗胃及十二指溃疡

C. N胆碱作用                     D. M胆碱作用

82肾上腺素遇空气变色的主要原因是( 

A. 邻苯二酚的结构被氧化            B. 邻苯二酚的结构被还原

C. 消旋化失效                      D. 甲胺基被氧化   

83下列哪个结构为麻黄碱(D.

 

2011秋年级药学专科毕业理论综合考试模拟卷(4) - susu-61 - susu-61的博客

 

84沙丁胺醇为选择性b受体激动剂决定与其结构中( 

A. 苯环       B. 仲胺基          C. N上叔丁基          D. 酚羟基

85下列药物属于二氢叶酸还原酶抑制剂的是:

A、磺胺嘧啶        B、乙胺嘧啶        C、诺氟沙星      D、甲氧苄啶

86下列叙述不符合卡托普利的是:

A、可抑制血管紧张素Ⅱ的生成               B、结构中有脯氨酸结构

C、可发生自动氧化生成二硫化合物           D、结构中不含有手性碳

87.具有下列结构的药物是( 

2011秋年级药学专科毕业理论综合考试模拟卷(4) - susu-61 - susu-61的博客

 

A. 硝苯地平           B. 氢氯噻嗪         C. 螺内酯         D. 氯贝丁酯

88.下列关于青霉素的说法错误的是( 

A.其钠盐为那白色结晶性粉末,易溶于水   B.易在酸性条件下发生分子重排而失效

C. 其钠盐遇酸、碱及氧化剂迅速失效      D. 可用于G-菌引起的全身或局部感染

 

89.用于非胰岛素依赖型糖尿病,肥胖患者可作为首选药的是( 

A. 阿卡波糖         B. 甲巯咪唑        C. 格列本脲        D.二甲双胍

90下列哪个属于单环的b-内酰胺类抗生素?

   A、阿莫西林       B、头孢氨苄       C、克拉维酸钾        D、氨曲南 


91化学结构如右的药物是( 

2011秋年级药学专科毕业理论综合考试模拟卷(4) - susu-61 - susu-61的博客

 

A. 头孢氨苄      B. 头孢克洛      C. 头孢噻吩          D. 头孢噻肟

92关于氢化可的松结构的叙述,错误的是( 

A. 属孕甾烷衍生物                 B. 11位上有羰基

C. 3位上有酮基                    D. 17位上有a-羟基

93属于核苷类抗病毒药的是( 

A. 金刚烷胺        B. 阿昔洛韦      C. 利巴韦林       D. 氧氟沙星

94药物的解离度与生物活性之间的的关系是( 

A. 合适的解离度,有最大活性                 B. 增加解离度,活性增强

C. 增加解离度,不利于吸收                   D. 增加解离度,有利吸收

95.利巴韦林的化学结构是(C.

         

2011秋年级药学专科毕业理论综合考试模拟卷(4) - susu-61 - susu-61的博客

 96能与盐酸羟胺反应生成二肟的药物是( 

A. 甲睾酮          B. 己烯雌酚         C. 雌二醇       D. 黄体酮

97维生素D3的活性代谢物为( 

A. 维生素D2      B. 25-(OH) D3      C. 1,25- (OH)2D3      D. 24, 25-(OH)2D3

98盐酸丙咪嗪属于哪一类抗抑郁药物( 

A. 去甲肾上腺素重摄取抑制剂              B. 单胺氧化酶抑制剂

C. 阿片受体抑制剂                        D. 5-羟色胺受体抑制剂

 

99下列作用机制中能调节血脂的是:

A、血管紧张素Ⅱ受体拮抗剂           B、羟甲戊二酰辅酶A还原酶抑制剂

C、血管紧张素转化酶抑制剂           D、钙通道阻滞剂

100头孢噻肟钠属于头孢菌素类抗生素:

A、第一代          B、第二代          C、第三代         D、第四代

 

 

 

  评论这张
 
阅读(557)| 评论(0)
推荐 转载

历史上的今天

在LOFTER的更多文章

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2017